Osteocephalus planiceps Cope, 1874

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Osteocephalus > Species: Osteocephalus planiceps

Osteocephalus planiceps Cope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 122. Holotype: ANSP 11399, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 352. Type locality: "Nauta", Departamento Loreto, Peru.

Trachycephalus planicepsKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 110.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Amazonian northern Amazonian Peru, Amazonian Ecuador, and Amazonian Colombia; extremely likely in Amazonian Brazil at least in the vicinity of Leticia, Colombia. See comment. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Osteocephalus taurinus by Duellman and Mendelson, 1995, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 55: 344, where it had been placed by Trueb and Duellman, 1971, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 1: 31. Lynch, 2008, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 32: 87-91, provided the Colombia records and discussed biogeography. Jungfer, 2010, Zootaxa, 2407: 46, suggested that Brazilian specimens may be Osteocephalus vilarsiLynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2011, Caldasia, 33: 235–270, illustrated the tadpole and included the species in a key to the tadpoles of Amazonian Colombia. In the Osteocephalus planiceps species group of Jungfer, Faivovich, Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Lyra, Berneck, Iglesias, Kok, MacCulloch, Rodrigues, Verdade, Torres-Gastello, Chaparro, Valdujo, Reichle, Moravec, Gvoždík, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Ernst, De la Riva, Means, Lima, Señaris, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2013, Zool. Scripta, 42: 351-380. See range map in Ferrão, Moravec, Moraes, Carvalho, and Gordo, 2019, PeerJ, 7(e8160): 4, who suggested that the records for Jaú National Park on the lower Negro River actually represent Osteocephalus vilarsi. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Included in the Brazilian fauna by Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 166, but DRF is unaware of any published localities for Brazil. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.