Pseudacris clarkii (Baird, 1854)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Pseudacris > Species: Pseudacris clarkii

Helocaetes clarkii Baird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 60. Syntypes: Not stated; USNM 3313, 3315, 3317, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 108; Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 50, listed only USNM 3133 as a syntype. Type locality: "Galveston and Indianola, Texas", USA; restricted to "Galveston", Galveston County, Texas, USA, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 74.. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 345, regarded the original publication date to be 1856, but see Fox, 1913, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Index, 1812–1912: vii–xiv.

Heloecetes clarkiiBaird, 1859, Rep. U.S-Mex. Bound. Surv., 2(Pt. 2-Rept.): 28. Incorrect subsequent spelling of generic name.

Chorophilus triseriatus clarkiiCope, 1875, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1: 30.

Pseudacris triseriata clarkiiBurt, 1932, Am. Midl. Nat., 13: 80.

Pseudacris nigrita clarkiiStejneger and Barbour, 1933, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 3: 31.

Pseudacris clarkiiSmith, 1934, Am. Midl. Nat., 15: 462.

Hyla (Pseudacris) clarkiiDubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 85.

Pseudacris (Pseudacris) clarkiiFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 347. 

English Names

Clark's Tree Frog (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 23).

Clarke's Striped Tree Frog (Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: x).

Spotted Chorus Frog (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 74; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 176; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 331; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 26; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 11; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 9; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 21; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 17).


Central USA from central Kansas to the Gulf of Mexico in Texas; lower Rio Grande Valley (Texas, USA, and adjacent Tamaulipas, Mexico, in the resacas of the Rio Grande along the international border).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico, United States of America, United States of America - Kansas, United States of America - New Mexico, United States of America - Oklahoma, United States of America - Texas


In the Pseudacris nigrita group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 106. Reviewed by Pierce and Whitehurst, 1990, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 458: 1–3. See also account by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 642–645. Cocroft and Ryan, 1995, Animal Behav., 49: 283–303, discussed advertisement call in an evolutionary context. Lemmon, Lemmon, Collins, Lee-Yaw, and Cannatella, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 44: 1068–1082, suggested this species to be most closely related to Pseudacris maculata. Record of Painter and Burkett, 1991, Herpetol. Rev., 22: 64, in northeastern New Mexico, based on misidentifications according to Stuart, 1992, Unpublished Rep. NM Dept. Game and FishFarr, Lazcano, and Lavín-Murcio, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 634, discussed the range in Tamaulipas, Mexico. Sredl, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 470–472, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 328–331, provided accounts that summarized the relevant literature. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 104–107, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 204–205, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Painter, Stuart, Giermakowski, and Pierce, 2017, Western Wildlife, 4: 36, commented on the status and county range in New Mexico, USA. Bassett, 2023, Reptiles & Amphibians, 30(e18486): 1–18, provided an updated county distribution map for Texas, USA.  

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