Smilisca fodiens (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Smilisca > Species: Smilisca fodiens

Pternohyla fodiens Boulenger, 1882, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 10: 326. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.24.26 (formerly 1882.11.27.8) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 98. Type locality: "Presidio, [Sinaloa,] W. Mexico".

Hyla rudis Mocquard, 1899, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 9, 1: 163. Holotype: originally 373a, now MNHNP 1897.217, according to Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 136; Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 25, and Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 367. Type locality: "Guadalajara", Jalisco, Mexico. Synonymy by Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 135.

Smilisca fodiensFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 107.

Hyla fodiensWiens, Fetzner, Parkinson, and Reeder, 2005, Syst. Biol., 54: 25, by implication.

English Names

Burrowing Treefrog (Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 67).

Lowland Burrowing Treefrog (Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 12; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 26 Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 63; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 13; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 13; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 220; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 12; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 23; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 22; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 20).

Northern Casque-headed Frog (Stebbins, 1985, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 2: 78; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 220).

Northern Casquehead Frog (Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 8).


South-central Arizona, USA, southward along the coastal plain and foothills to southern Zacatecas, Michoacán, and México, Mexico.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico, United States of America, United States of America - Arizona


Reviewed (as Pternohyla fodiens) by Trueb, 1969, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 77: 3–4, and Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 624–628. Reported for the state of México by Casas-Andreu, Aguilar-Miguel, and Pineda-Arredondo, 1997, in Aguilar-Miguel et al. (eds.), Lista Taxon. Vert. Terr. Estado Mexico: 24. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 220, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Ahumada-Carrillo, Vázquez-Huizar, Vázquez-Diaz, and García-Vázquez, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 397, provided a record for southern Zacatecas, Mexico, and discussed the range. Cox, Streicher, Sheehy, Campbell, and Chippindale, 2012, Herpetologica, 68: 226–235, reported on mtDNA variation that suggests a vicariance between populations of Colima, southwestern Jalisco, and extreme southwestern Michoacan on one side of the Trans-Volcanic axis and populations of Sinaloa and Sonora north of this axis, although nuDNA data do not support this vicariance. Sredl, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 488–489, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 428–31, provided accounts that summarized the relevant literature and range. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 122–123, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 213–214, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Rorabaugh and Lemos-Espinal, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Sonora: 166–168, provided a detailed account of natural history, morphology, distribution, and conservation status in Sonora, Mexico. Loc-Barragán, Smith, Woolrich-Piña, and Lemos-Espinal, 2024, Herpetozoa, Wien, 37: 30, reported on the distributional and conservation status in the state of Nayarit, Mexico.     

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