Smilisca phaeota (Cope, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Smilisca > Species: Smilisca phaeota

Hyla phaeota Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 358. Holotype: USNM 39899 (formerly 4347) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 57. Type locality: "Turbo, [Intendencia de Chocó, Colombia,] New Granada".

Hyla baudini dolomedes Barbour, 1923, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 129: 11. Holotype: MCZ 8539, by original designation. Type locality: "Rio Esnápe, Sambú Valley, eastern Panama". Synonymy by Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 413.

Hyla carinata Andersson, 1939 "1938", Ark. Zool., 30(23): 22. Syntypes: NHRM 1874 (3 specimens), according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 42. Type locality: "San José. Tarraco", Bolivia. This locality considered erroneous by De la Riva, 1993, Herpetol. J., 3: 113–114, who discussed why the likely provenance was probably Chocoan Ecuador or Colombia, and placed this name in synonymy.

Smilisca phaeota phaeotaSmith, 1953, Herpetologica, 8: 150.

Smilisca phaeotaStarrett, 1960, Copeia, 1960: 303.

English Names

New Granada Cross-banded Treefrog (Smilisca phaeota: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Tarraco Treefrog (Hyla carinata: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 54).

Central American Smilisca (Smilisca phaeota: Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 69).


Caribbean lowlands of Central America from eastern Honduras, and Nicaragua to southeastern Costa Rica, eastern Panama, western and Magdalena Valley of Colombia, and western Ecuador.


Reviewed by Duellman, 1968, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 61: 1–2, and Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 603–607. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 351–352, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 338–341. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 39, detailed the departmental range in Honduras. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Travers, Townsend, Sunyer, Obando, Wilson, and Nickerson, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 399, noted a new locality in Nicaragua (Jinotega). Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 265–268, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Smilisca in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species.. Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 170, provided a record for the department of Boaco, Nicaragua. Palacio Baena, Muñoz Escobar, Gallo Delgado, and Rivera-Correa, 2006, Anfibios y Reptiles del Valle de Aburrá: 81–83, provided a brief account and photograph. Armijos-Ojeda, Székely, Székely, Cogǎlniceanu, Cisneros-Heredia, Ordóñez-Delgado, Escudero, and Espinosa, 2021, ZooKeys, 1063: 39, provided a dot map for western Ecuador. Gil-González, Londoño-Quiceno, Rojas-Rivera, and Gutiérrez-Cárdenas, 2022, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 8: 69–92, provided a review, with special reference to Colombia, including discussions of morphology, advertisement call, natural history, photograph, and a range map for Colombia. 

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