Smilisca puma (Cope, 1885)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Smilisca > Species: Smilisca puma

Hyla puma Cope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 183. Holotype: USNM 13735 (given incorrectly as 18735 in the original publication) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 58. Type locality: "Nicaragua".

Hyla wellmanorum Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 842. Holotype: KU 30302, by original designation. Type locality: "Bataan [= Batán, Cantón de Matina, Province of Limón], Costa Rica (Caribbean drainage)". Type locality discussed by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 78. Synonymy by Duellman and Trueb, 1966, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 314.

Smilisca wellmanorumStarrett, 1960, Copeia, 1960: 303.

Smilisca pumaDuellman and Trueb, 1966, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 17: 314.

English Names

Nicaragua Cross-banded Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Tawny Smilisca (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 69).


Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica and adjacent Nicaragua, 15–520 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Nicaragua


Reviewed by Duellman, 1968, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 62: 1–2, and Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 607–609. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 352-354. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 279. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189-202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 265–268, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Smilisca in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species.

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