Pithecopus megacephalus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Phyllomedusinae > Genus: Pithecopus > Species: Pithecopus megacephalus

Bradymedusa megacephala Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 104. Holotype: MNRJ 257, according to Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 410. Type locality: "Brasil—Rio de Janeiro?".

Phyllomedusa megacephalaBrandão, 2002, J. Herpetol., 36: 577.

Pithecopus megacephalus — Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 32. 

English Names

Large-headed Leaf Frog (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 61).


Isolated populations at elevations above 800 m in the peaks of the Espinaço Mountain range (e.g., Serra do Cabral, Serra Meridional, Serra Setentrional) and  Serra de Cipó, in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Removed from the synonymy of Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis by Brandão, 2002, J. Herpetol., 36: 577 (although Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 17, had doubted the synonymy), where it had been placed by Lutz and Lutz, 1939, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 11: 219, and who noted that other specimens associated with this name (such as from the Serra do Cipó reported by Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó) are not conspecific with the holotype. In the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 117, Caramaschi, 2006, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 64: 159-179 (who provided an account, discussed the holotype, and disagreed with Brandão, 2002, regarding the identity of specimens from the Serra de Cipó in Minas Gerais), and Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 259. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 61-62, provided a photograph and brief account. Ramos, Magalhães, Sari, Rosa, Garcia, and Santos, 2018, Conserv. Genetics, 19: 99–110, reported on the conservation genetics and the isolated montane populations of this species. Lima, Carmo, Souza, Kalapothakis, and Eterovick, 2020, MtDNA, Part B, 5: 388–389, reported on the mtDNA genome. Röhr, Camurugi, Paterno, Gehara, Juncá, Álvares, Brandão, and Garda, 2020, Canad. J. Zool., 98: 495–504, reported on the evolution and causes of variability of advertisement call. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

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