Pithecopus oreades (Brandão, 2002)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Phyllomedusinae > Genus: Pithecopus > Species: Pithecopus oreades

Phyllomedusa oreades Brandão, 2002, J. Herpetol., 36: 572. Holotype: CHUNB 12510, by original designation. Type locality: "Serra da Mesa, Goiás State, Brazil (13° 45′ S; 48° 18′ W, 940 m), near 1 km after the first gate of the Serra da Mesa hydroelectric plant, on the road that connects the plant to Minaçu before the Avá-Canoeiros Indian reserve".

Phyllomedusa araguari Giaretta, Oliveira, and Kokubum, 2007, Zootaxa, 1614: 32. Holotype: ZUEC 12880, by original designation. Type locality: "Estação de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Ambiental Galheiro (±19°12′S, 47°10′W; 900 m altitude), municipality of Perdizes, Minas Gerais, Brazil". Synonymy suggested by Brandão and Álvarez, 2009, Zootaxa, 2044: 61-64, and corroborated by Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 241.

Pithecopus oreades — Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 32. 

English Names

None noted.


Plateaus in the states of Goiás (Serra da Mesa, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Serra dos Pirineus), Minas Gerais (municipality of Cabaceira Grante), and in the Distrito Federal, above 900 m elevation, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Most similar to Phyllomedusa ayayae, Phyllomedusa megacephala, and Phyllomedusa centralis according to the original publication. In the Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 117, Caramaschi, 2006, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 64: 159-179, and Faivovich, Haddad, Baêta, Jungfer, Álvares, Brandão, Sheil, Barrientos, Barrio-Amorós, Cruz, and Wheeler, 2010, Cladistics, 26: 259. Giaretta, Oliveira, and Kokubum, 2007, Zootaxa, 1614: 32: 31–41, provided the advertisement call, external morphology and coloration, and natural history (as Phyllomedusa araguariCarvalho and Canelas, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 215, provided the record for Minas Gerais. Santos, Morais, Signorelli, Bastos, Feio, and Nomura, 2017, Herpetologica, 74: 50–57, reported on the internal oral morphology of the larva. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 179, provided an account for Goiás, Brazil. Röhr, Camurugi, Paterno, Gehara, Juncá, Álvares, Brandão, and Garda, 2020, Canad. J. Zool., 98: 495–504, reported on the evolution and causes of variability of advertisement call. Santos, Feio, and Nomura, 2023, Biota Neotrop., 23 (3:e20231486): 1–43, characterized tadpole morphology as part of an identification key to the tadpoles of the Brazilian Cerrado. 

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