Acanthixalus spinosus (Buchholz and Peters, 1875)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hyperoliidae > Subfamily: Kassininae > Genus: Acanthixalus > Species: Acanthixalus spinosus

Hyperolius spinosus Buchholz and Peters in Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 208. Syntype(s): ZMB 8359 (4 specimens), according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 44, these now numbered ZMB 8359 and ZMB 59353–59355 (formerly part of ZMB 8359), according to Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 435, who rejected the syntype status of 2 specimens in ZMG reported by Herrmann, 1989, Veröff. Naturhist. Mus. Schleusingen, 4: 13. Type locality: "Cameruns" (= Cameroon). Type locality discussed and corrected to "Douala", Region Littoral, Cameroon, by Frétey, Dubois, and Ohler, 2014, Alytes, 30: 11–28. 

Megalixalus spinosusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 130.

Megalixalus (Acanthixalus) spinosusLaurent, 1944, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 38: 110-138.

Acanthixalus spinosusLaurent, 1950, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 64: 14, by implication.

English Names

African Wart Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Central African Spiny Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 130).

Distribution

Rainforests of southeastern Nigeria and southern Cameroon to northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo, and from Cameroon south to extreme western Dem. Rep. Congo.

Comment

For new records see Largen and Dowsett-Lemaire, 1991, Tauraco Res. Rept., 4: 154. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 61, provided a record for Nigeria. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 53-64.Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 184, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Baptista, Conradie, Vaz Pinto, and Branch, 2019, In Huntley, Russo, Lages, and Ferrand (eds.), Biodiversity in Angola: 258, doubted that this species will be found in Cabinda, Angola. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 20, summarized the literature for Gabon. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 130–131, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Tillack, de Ruiter, and Rödel, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., Berlin, 97: 435, discussed the collection and provenance of the primary ZMB types. 

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