Leptodactylus elenae Heyer, 1978

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus elenae

Leptodactylus elenae Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 45. Holotype: LACM 92096, by original designation. Type locality: "Argentina: Salta, Embarcación".

English Names

Marbled White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).


Gran Chaco of Argentina (Jujuy and Salta), Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, and Santa Cruz), throughout Paraguay, and central Brazil (Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul); one record for Corrientes, northeastern Argentina. Records for souheastern Peru and controversial (see comment)

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru


In the Leptodactylus fuscus group of Heyer, 1978, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 29: 1–85. Cei, 1987, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 21: 223–225, noted that the species reviewed by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 338–340, under the name Leptodactylus mystaceus was of this species. Márquez, De la Riva, and Bosch, 1995, J. Zool., London, 237: 313–336, reported on vocalization in Bolivia. Reviewed by Heyer and Heyer, 2002, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 742: 1–5. Zaracho and Alvarez, 2005, FACENA, 21: 135, provided a record for the Parque Nacional Mburucuy, Corrientes, Argentina. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 13, briefly discussed range in Paraguay. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567–583, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that at least one unnamed species may exist in Bolivia. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 90, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. In the Leptodactylus fuscus species group, Leptodactylus mystaceus complex, of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, who provided a summary of the relevant literature of this species (adult and larval morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on p. 29–30, and who implied that previous records from Peru are assigned to other species. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 72–74, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva. Vicente-Ferreira, Nascimento, Batista, Kardush, Reyes, and Garey, 2024, Biota Neotrop., 24(1: e20231526): 1–17, provided records from the Refúgio Biológico Bela Vista, Paraná, southern Brazil (adjacent to the Paraguay border), as well as providing identification keys to these species based on larval and adult morphology. 

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