Leptodactylus latrans (Steffen, 1815)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus latrans

Rana latrans Steffen, 1815, Ranis Nonnullis Observ. Anatom.: 13. Type(s): Not stated; possibly in ZMB but not located. Neotype designated as MNRJ 30733, by Lavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 8. Type locality: "Brasilia". Neotype from "Vale dos Agriões (22°25′S, 42°58′W, approx. 900 m above sea level), Municipality of Teresópolis, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil".

Rana gibbosa Raddi, 1823, Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, 19: 67. Holotype: Not stated, although presumably originally MZUF. Type locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1965, Neotropica, 11: 9–12.

Rana fusca Raddi, 1823, Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, 19: 68. Holotype: MZUF. Type locality: "Rio-janeiro", Brazil. Junior homonym of Rana fusca Schneider. Synonymy by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 88.

Rana pachypus Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 26. Syntypes: ZSM (10 specimens) (presumed lost), ZMB, and (presumably) ZMH; ZSM 122/0/1 designated lectotype by Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 356, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 176. Type localities: "Habitat in locis humidis Provinciae Rio de Janeiro", (var. 1) "locis humidis Bahiae", and (var. 2) "locis aquosis Parae", Brazil. See comments on types of varieties by Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 176. Synonymy by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 78; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 396; Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 225. Variety 2 shown to be a junior synonym of Rana fusca Schneider by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 199; Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 356.

Rana pachybrachion Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Isis von Oken, 14: 671. Types: Not designated. Type locality: "Brasiliens". Possibly an incorrect subsequent spelling or emendation of Rana pachypus Spix, 1824. See comments by Vanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 75–76. Synonymy by W.R. Heyer (personal commun.).

Rana macrocephala Wied-Neuwied, 1825, Beitr. Naturgesch. Brasil., 1: 544. Type(s): Not designated, not found in AMNH. Type locality: "Urwäldern an der Lagoa d'Arara unweit des Flusses Mucuri", Brazil; regarded as being somewhere in southern Bahia, Brazil, by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 89, who made the tentative synonymy.

Cystignathus pachypusWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 203. Wagler, 1830, Descript. Icon. Amph., Livr. 2: 9.

Rana pachypus pachypusMayer, 1835, Analect. Vergl. Anat.: 24.

Leptodactylus serialis Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 421. Syntypes: Not designated; including USNM 7389 (2 specimens) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 64. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Synonymy with Leptodactylus pachypus by Girard, 1858, U.S. Explor. Exped. 1838–1842, 20: 29; Jiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 48. Synonymy by Girard, 1858, U.S. Explor. Exped. 1838–1842, 20: 29; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 247.

Leptodactylus caliginosus Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 422. Syntypes: Not designated; USNM 7357 (2 specimens) are syntypes according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 64. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro, [Rio de Janeiro,] Brazil". Synonymy by Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 490, and Lutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 2, 22.

Cystignathus pachypusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 27.

Cystignathus caliginosusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 28; Burmeister, 1861, Reise La Plata-Staaten, 2: 532.

Leptodactylus pachypusJiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 48.

Rana octoplicata Werner, 1893, Zool. Anz., 16: 83. Types: Not designated. Type locality: "Nordamerika". Synonymy by Werner, 1894, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1894: 125; Nieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 491.

Leptodactylos latransLavilla, Langone, Caramaschi, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2346: 8.

Rana pacybrachionVanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 75–76. incorrect subsequent spelling. 

English Names

Argus Frog (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 108).

Butter Frog (Lima and Verani, 1988, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 48: 113).

Criolla Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

Lesser Foam Frog (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 95).

South American Spotted Grassfrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 14). 

Distribution

Endemic to the Atlantic Forest and occurs along the Brazilian coastal zone from Pernambuco to northern São Paulo state in Bertioga municipality, also occupying higher altitudinal zones (ca. 700–900 m elevation) in Rio de Janeiro state and the ‘‘Zona da Mata Mineira,’’ the Atlantic Forest in eastern Minas Gerais; in São Paulo state, below 100 m elevation) east of the Serra do Mar mountain range. 

Comment

Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 14, briefly discussed (as Leptodactylus latrans) the range in Paraguay. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 95–96, provided a photograph and brief account (as Leptodactylus cf. ocellatus). Silva, Santos, Alves, Sousa, and Annunziata, 2010, Sitientibus, Ser. Cienc. Biol., 7: 334–340, provided records for Piauí, Brazil, as Leptodactylus ocellatusMagalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 131–177, reviewed and revised the species and near relatives. de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult morphology, identification, and range) on p. 68–69.  

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