Leptodactylus leptodactyloides (Andersson, 1945)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus leptodactyloides

Eleutherodactylus leptodactyloides Andersson, 1945, Ark. Zool., 37A(2): 43. Holotype: NHRM by original indication; unnumbered according to Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 18; NHRM 1945 by museum records (W.R. Heyer, personal commun.). Type locality: "Rio Pastaza", eastern Ecuador; given as "Rio Pastaza (between the Rio Puyo and Rio Copotaza)" in the NHRM catalogue (W.R. Heyer personal commun.).

Leptodactylus leptodactyloidesHeyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 88.

English Names

Common Thin-toed Frog (Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 228).

Distribution

Amazonian Ecuador, Peru, and northern and eastern Bolivia to eastern Brazilian Amazonia and Amapá (municpality of Macapá); also occurs in the savannah area close to the mouth of the Amazon River in the Brazilian state of Amapá and in the pantanal floodplains in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, as well as other humid habitats in the open formations in adjacent Bolivia. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Leptodactylus wagneri (where it had been placed by Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 21) by Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 88, who provided an account and considered it in the Leptodactylus wagneri-Leptodactylus podicipinus complex. Márquez, De la Riva, and Bosch, 1995, J. Zool., London, 237: 313–336, reported on vocalization in Bolivia. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 284–285, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 133, provided a brief account. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567-583, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that the Bolivian population represents an unnamed species. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 424, for brief account and records for Guyana. In the Leptodactylus melanonotus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult and larval morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on pp. 75–76. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 76–, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva of their Leptodactylus leptodactyloides A, a distinct lineage from typical Leptodactylus leptodactyloides. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 91, for comments on range and literature. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 228–229. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Camper, Torres-Carvajal, Ron, Nilsson, Arteaga-Navarro, Knowles, and Arbogast, 2021, Check List, 17: 729–751, provided a record from Wildsumaco Wildlife Sanctuary, Napo Province, Ecuador. Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 1–31, reported on the systematics, phylogenetics, advertisement call, and geographic distribution and habitat. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 118, provided a genetically-confirmed record from Amapá, Brazil, and discussed its habitat and conservation status. 

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