Leptodactylus luctator (Hudson, 1892)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus luctator

Rana luctator Hudson, 1892, Nat. La Plata: 78. Holotype: lost according to original publication. Neotype designated by Magalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 160, as LGE 22146 by . Type locality: from original text presumably vicinity of "Buenos Ayres", Argentina. Neotype from "Villa Elvira, La Plata municipality, Buenos Aires province, Argentina (34°58′36″S; 57°52′10″W; 14-m elevation". 

Cystignathus oxycephalus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 105. Syntypes: MNHNC (2 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: "ad Montevideo. Arrechavaleta", Uruguay. Synonymy with Leptodactylus latrans by Klappenbach, 1968, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 23: 150; with Leptodactylus luctator by Magalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 158.

Cystignathus oxicephalus — Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 124. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Leptodactylus ocellatus var. reticulata Cei, 1948, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 6: 308. Syntypes: Not designated, presumably FML. Type locality: "Arroyo, Isla Apipé, Ituzaingó (Corrientes)" and "Puerto Bemberg (Misiones)", Argentina. Synonymy by Magalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 158. 

Leptodactylus ocellatus var. bonairensis Cei, 1949, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 7: 127. Syntypes: Not designated, but in MACN and FML (total of 59 examples), according to XXX. Type locality: "Río Colorado y Bahía Blanca", Argentina; restricted to Bahia Blanca, Argentina, by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 133. Synonymy by Magalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 158. 

Leptodactylus luctatorMagalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 150.

English Names

Wrestler Frog (Hudson, 1892, Nat. La Plata: 77).

Distribution

South-central Bahia and east-central Goias to western Mato Grosso and south in Brazil through Uruguay and eastern Paraguay to extreme eastern Bolivia and Argentina south to northern Buenos Aires to southern Córdoba Provinces, Argentina.

Comment

Formerly in the synonymy of Leptodactylus latrans according to Gallardo, 1964, Physis, Buenos Aires, 24: 373–384, and Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 87, the name was recently applied by Magalhães, Lyra, Carvalho, Baldo, Brusquetti, Burella, Colli, Gehara, Giaretta, Haddad, Langone, López, Napoli, Santana, de Sá, and Garda, 2020, Herpetol. Monogr., 34: 150, to their Leptodactylus aff. latrans CS2 lineage, for which they characterized its morphology, call, and geographic distribution. See account of nominal Leptodactylus latrans (now Leptodactylus luctator at this geographic site) by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 309–310. This species (as Leptodactylus latrans) was recorded for Bolivia by De la Riva and Maldonado-M., 1999, Graellsia, 55: 193–197. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 25, provided for the Uruguayan population (as Leptodactylus latrans) a brief account and photograph. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 14, briefly discussed (as Leptodactylus latrans) the range in Paraguay. Ferraro, Blotto, Baldo, Barrasso, Barrionuevo, Basso, Cardozo, Cotichelli, Faivovich, Pereyra, and Lavilla, 2018, in Vaira, Akmentins, and Lavilla (eds.), Cuad. Herpetol., 32 (Supl. 1): 17–19, noted that the taxonomic status of Leptodactylus latrans in Argentina remains problematic (note that nominal Leptodactylus latrans in Argentina is now Leptodactylus luctator. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 115–116, provided an account (as Leptodactylus latrans).

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