Leptodactylus nesiotus Heyer, 1994

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus nesiotus

Leptodactylus nesiotus Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 91. Holotype: USNM 306179, by original designation. Type locality: "Trinidad; St. Patrick; Icacos Peninsula, Icacos".

English Names

Trinidad Ditchfrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 14). 


Icacos Peninsula of Trinidad, West Indies; also reported from Monjoly, French Guiana; Paramaribo, Suriname; and Bamboo Landing, Guyana. Expected to be found in the intervening areas. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago


In the Leptodactylus wagneri-Leptodactylus podicipinus complex according to the original publication. Murphy, 1997, Amph. Rept. Trinidad Tobago: 88-89, provided a brief account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 402. Ponssa, Jowers, and de Sá, 2010, Zootaxa, 2646: 1-25, reported on morphological phylogenetics and suggested that Leptodactylus nesiotus is the sister taxon of Leptodactylus validus. In the Leptodactylus melanonotus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on p. 79. Jairam and Fouquet, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 997–999, provided records for French Guiana, Surinam, and Guyana. Borzée, Nguyen, and Jowers, 2020, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 15 63–67, reported on advertisement and aggressive calls. Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 1–31, reported on the systematics, phylogenetics, and advertisement call. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.