Leptodactylus podicipinus (Cope, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus podicipinus

Cystignathus podicipinus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 156. Syntypes: "Mus. Smithsonian, (No. 5831) Philada. Acad.", including ANSP 14539, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 352. USNM specimen(s) presumably lost; see comment. de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 82, noted that in the USNM ledger USNM 5831 is marked "Type now in ANS[P], 14539. See Dunn's list." .Type locality: "Paraguay".

Leptodactylus podicipinusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 248.

Leptodactylus nattereri Lutz, 1926, C. R. Mém. Hebd. Séances Soc. Biol. Filial., Paris, 95 (1926, vol. 2): 1011. Syntypes: Not stated, AL-MNRJ 1314-15, according to Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 14; stated to be AL-MNRJ 1015-1016 plus unnumbered specimens in the same jar by Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 97. Type locality: "la station de Ilha Sêca (Chemin de fer Noroeste do Brazil. Etat de S[ão]. Paulo" and "Cachoeira do Maribondo, . . . Etat de S[ão]. Paulo", Brazil. Synonymy by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206" 326.

Leptodactylus podicipinus podicipinusGans, 1960, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 35: 305.

English Names

Pointedbelly Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Open formations of Paraguay, adjacent Argentina, Bolivia, northwestern Uruguay, and central and southeastern Brazil, extending along the Rio Madeira and Rio Amazonas within the Amazon Basin. See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay


In the Leptodactylus melanonotus group; Leptodactylus wagneri-Leptodactylus podicipinus complex. See accounts by Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 14–16; and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 340–344, but note that Leptodactylus podicipinus petersii is now Leptodactylus petersii. The status of the type(s) is unclear. Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 191, noted that Cope mentioned "Mus. Smithsonian, (No. 5831) Philad. Acad. "in the description, implying syntypes in both USNM and ANSP. However, Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 14, suggested that the description was based solely on one specimen, and considered the holotype to be in the ANSP. See account by Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 97–99. Vaz-Ferreira, de Sá, Achaval, and Gehrau, 1984, Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay, Ser. 2, 2: 72–77, reported the species from Uruguay. Márquez, De la Riva, and Bosch, 1995, J. Zool., London, 237: 313–336, reported on vocalization in Bolivia. Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 26, provided a brief account and photograph for the Uruguayan population. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 14, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Ponssa, Brusquetti, and Souza, 2011, J. Herpetol., 45: 79–93, reported on osteological variation in the species. Jansen, Bloch, Schulze, and Pfenninger, 2011, Zool. Scripta, 40: 567–583, implied the possibility of an unnamed species in Bolivia. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 99, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. In the Leptodactylus melanonotus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult and larval morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on pp. 82–81. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 77–79, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva of their Leptodactylus podicipinus A, which they regarded as an unnamed species distinct from typical Leptodactylus podicipinusNeves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and records for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Fouquet, Vidal, and Dewynter, 2019, Zoosystema, 41: 371, reported an unnamed species in French Guiana similar to this species. Rossa-Feres and Nomura, 2006 "2005", Biota Neotrop., São Paulo, 6 (2: bn00706012006): 1–24, characterized larval morphology of this species and provided a key to the larvae of northwestern São Paulo state, Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 122–123, provided an account for Goiás and the D.F., Brazil. Alves-Ferreira, Paixão, and Nomura, 2021, Biota Neotrop., 21 (4: e20201178): 1–11, reported on larval morphology in Goias, Brazil. Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 1–31, reported on the systematics, phylogenetics, and advertisement call. Palmeira, Gonçalves, Dubeux, Lima, Lambertini, Valencia-Aguilar, Jenkinson, James, Toledo, and Mott, 2022, Cuad. Herpetol., 36: 65–75, reported on habitat in Natural Heritage Reserve Mata Estrela, Baía Formosa, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. Santos, Feio, and Nomura, 2023, Biota Neotrop., 23 (3:e20231486): 1–43, characterized tadpole morphology as part of an identification key to the tadpoles of the Brazilian Cerrado. Vicente-Ferreira, Nascimento, Batista, Kardush, Reyes, and Garey, 2024, Biota Neotrop., 24(1: e20231526): 1–17, provided records from the Refúgio Biológico Bela Vista, Paraná, southern Brazil (adjacent to the Paraguay border), as well as providing identification keys to these species based on larval and adult morphology.  

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