Leptodactylus rhodonotus (Günther, 1869)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus rhodonotus

Cystignathus rhodonotus Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 481. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.17.39 (formerly 1867.6.13.26), according to de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 59, and museum records. Type locality: "Chyavetes [=Chayavitas], Eastern Peru".

Gnathophysa rubido Cope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 128. Syntypes: ANSP 11392 and 11394, according to museum records (W.R. Heyer, personal commun.) and MCZ A-4780 (formerly ANSP 11393) according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 293), which was subsequently designated lectotype by Heyer, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 3. Type locality: "Moyabamba, [San Martín,] Peru". Synonymy by Heyer, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 3.

Pleurodema (Gnathophysa) rubida — Knauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 106. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Leptodactylus rubidoBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 243.

Leptodactylus rhodonotusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 239.

Leptodactylus rubidusBoulenger, 1884 "1883", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1883: 637. Error for rubido.

English Names

Peru White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Andean slopes and the lowlands of the upper Amazon Basin of Bolivia and Peru into westernmost Acre, Brazil, 200–2050 m elevation; reported from Leticia, Colombia. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru


In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus group of Heyer, 1972, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 231: 1–8, and Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 1–43. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 69, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 134–135, provided a brief account. Duellman, 2005, Cusco Amazonico: 289–290, provided an account (adult and larval morphology, description of the call, life history). Angulo, De la Riva, Reichle, and Gascon, 2004, IUCN Red List, e.T57161A11578741: unnumbered, included Leticia, Colombia, and western-most Acre, Brazil, within the distribution but did not cite specimens. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult and larval morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on pp. 59–60. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 236–237. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Segalla, Berneck, Canedo, Caramaschi, Cruz, Garcia, Grant, Haddad, Lourenço, Mângia, Mott, Nascimento, Toledo, Werneck, and Langone, 2021, Herpetol. Brasil., 10: 190, included this species as part of the Brazilian fauna. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.