Leptodactylus stenodema Jiménez de la Espada, 1875

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus stenodema

Leptodactylus stenodema Jiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 64. Syntypes: MNCN (2 specimens); MNCN 190 designated lectotype by Heyer and Peters, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 168; now numbered MNCN 1687 according to González-Fernández, 2006, Graellsia, 62: 140, and González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 273. Type locality: "San José de Moti (Canton de Quíjos)", Napo, Ecuador. (This confirmed by González-Fernández, García-Díez, and San Segundo, 2009, Spixiana, München, 32: 273.)

Leptodactylus vilarsi Melin, 1941, Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., Ser. B, 1: 52. Holotype: NHMG Ba. ex. 498, according to Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 14. Type locality: "Taracuá, Rio Uaupés, [Amazonas,] Brazil". Synonymy by Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 14.

English Names

San Jose White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Central and western Amazon basin of Brazil; from eastern Colombia south to southern Peru and east to the Guianas and adjacent Brazil, likely to occur in extreme northern Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname

Likely/Controversially Present: Bolivia


In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus group of Heyer, 1972, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 231: 1–8, and Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 1–43. See Pyburn and Heyer, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 585–587, for account. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 90–91, provided a brief account and characterization of the call. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, and Zimmerman and Bogart, 1984, Acta Amazonica, 14: 473–520, reported on vocalization. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 252–253, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana. Zimmerman and Rodrigues, 1990, in Gentry (ed.), Four Neotropical Rainforests: 426–454, provided a record from near Manaus, Amazonian Brazil. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 69–70, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. von May, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 282, provided a Peruvian record and briefly discussed the range. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. See account for Suriname population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 262–265. In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on pp. 62–63. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. For identification of larvae in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. Taucce, Costa-Campos, Carvalho, and Michalski, 2022, Eur. J. Taxon., 836: 96–130, reported on distribution, literature, and conservation status for Amapá, Brazil.

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