Leptodactylus syphax Bokermann, 1969

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus syphax

Leptodactylus syphax Bokermann, 1969, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 29: 13. Holotype: WCAB 16141, by original designation; now MZUSP 73851, according to de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 46. Type locality: "São Vicente (Gustavo Dutra), Cuiabá, 600 m, Mato Grosso, Brasil".

English Names

Basin White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

Whistling Foam Frog (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 97).


Central to northeastern Brazil (Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Gross, Piauí, Paraíba, south to São Paulo); southern Paraguay (Cordillera Province); far eastern Bolivia (Santa Cruz).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay


In the Leptodactylus pentadactylus group of Heyer, 1972, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 231: 1-8, and Heyer, 1979, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 301: 1-43. See Heyer, 1995, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 108: 713-714, for discussion of distribution and Paraguay record. Cardoso and Heyer, 1995, Alytes, 13: 67–76, reported on vocalizations. Köhler, 1995, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 17: 6-8, and De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 43, provided the Bolivian citation. Silva and Facure, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 215, provided a record for Goiás, Brazil, and discussed the range. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 15, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 97-98, provided a photograph and brief account. Silva, Giaretta, and Facure, 2008, Contemp. Herpetol., 1: 1–6, reported on the advertisement call. Martins and Silva, 2009, Check List, 5: 433-435, provided a map of know localities and reported the first records for São Paulo, Brazil. Reviewed by Heyer, Heyer, and de Sá, 2010, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 868: 1-9. Andrade, Guimarães, Leite, and Leite, 2011, Check List, 7: 592-593, provided a range extension to Piauí, Brazil, and discussed the range. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 100, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. In the Leptodactylus fuscus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult and larval morphology, identification, advertisement call, and range) on pp. 46–47. Schulze, Jansen, and Köhler, 2015, Zootaxa, 4016: 79–80, described, diagnosed, and pictured the larva. Neves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and records for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Vaz-Silva, Maciel, Nomura, Morais, Guerra Batista, Santos, Andrade, Oliveira, Brandão, and Bastos, 2020, Guia Ident. Anf. Goiás e Dist. Fed. Brasil Central: 130–131, provided an account for Goiás and the D.F., Brazil. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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