Leptodactylus wagneri (Peters, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leptodactylinae > Genus: Leptodactylus > Species: Leptodactylus wagneri

Plectromantis wagneri Peters, 1862, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1862: 232. Type(s): ZSM 1080/0, lost, according to Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 19, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 174; neotype designated by Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 19, as NHRM unnumbered (holotype of Eleutherodactylus leptodactyloides; NHRM 1945, according to W. R. Heyer, personal commun.). This neotype designation considered invalid by Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 78, who considered Leptodactylus leptodactyloides and Plectromantis wagneri to represent different species. QCAZ-A 26219 designated neotype by Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 16. Type locality: Published originally "an den Westseite der Anden in Ecuador" but data associated with lost type specimen was "Pastassathal" (= Pastaza Valley), Ecuador; by neotype designation of Heyer, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 191: 39, the type locality became Pastaza, Ecuador, on the east side of the Andes. With the rejection of the neotype designation (see above) the type locality reverts to the original statement by Peters. The QCAZ neotype is from "outskirts of Puyo (1.443070°S, 77.996660°W; 954m elevation), in the province of Pastaza, central Ecuador". 

Leptodactylus wagneriNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 479.

Leptodactylus (Plectromantis) wagneriLutz, 1930, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 23: 1, 21, by implication.

English Names

Wagner's White-lipped Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).

Distribution

Western Amazonia; distributed in Andean foothills (up to 1,500m elevation) and lowland Amazonian forests of north-western Brazil, northern Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia, extending westward to the Eastern Cordillera of Ecuador and Peru. 

Comment

In the Leptodactylus melanonotus group, Leptodactylus wagneri-Leptodactylus podicipinus complex. Duellman, 1978, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 65: 112–114, provided a brief account and characterization of the call and tadpole. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, and Zimmerman and Bogart, 1984, Acta Amazonica, 14: 473–520, reported on vocalization. See account by Heyer, 1994, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 546: 104–105. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 70, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 41, noted that this species does not occur in Bolivia. França and Venâncio, 2010, Biotemas, 23: 71–84, provided a record for the municipality of Boca do Acre, Amazonas, with a brief discussion of the range. Fouquet, Gilles, Vences, Marty, Blanc, and Gemmell, 2007, PLoS One, 10 (e1109): 1–10, provided molecular evidence that this is a species complex. In the Leptodactylus melanonotus species group of de Sá, Grant, Camargo, Heyer, Ponssa, and Stanley, 2014, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 9(Spec. Issue 1): 1–123, and who provided a summary of relevant literature (adult morphology, identification, and range) on p. 87–88. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, reported on advertisement call. Metcalf, Marsh, Torres Pacaya, Graham, and Gunnels, 2020, Herpetol. Notes, 13: 753–767, reported the species from the Santa Cruz Forest Reserve, Loreto, northeastern Peru. Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 1–31, reported on the systematics, phylogenetics, advertisement call, and geographic distribution and habitat. Carvalho, Fouquet, Lyra, Giaretta, Costa-Campos, Rodrigues, Haddad, and Ron, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2089269): 1–31, reported on the systematics, phylogenetics, and advertisement call. 

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