Leptobrachella heteropus (Boulenger, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachella > Species: Leptobrachella heteropus

Leptobrachium heteropus Boulenger, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 6: 186. Holotype: Selangor Mus. (now MNM), by original designation; BMNH records have 1947.2.25.7 (originally 1901.3.20.6) as the holotype, presumably on exchange from MNM. Type locality: "Larut Hills at an altitude of 3500 feet", Perak, Malaya, Malaysia.

Megalophrys heteropusBoulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 422.

Megophrys heteropusSmith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 133.

Leptobrachium heteropusBerry and Hendrickson, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 643.

Leptobrachium (Leptolalax) heteropusDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476.

Leptolalax heteropusDubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 148.

Leptolalax (Leptolalax) heteropusDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 15.

Leptobrachella heteropus — Chen, Poyarkov, Suwannapoom, Lathrop, Wu, Zhou, Yuan, Jin, Chen, Liu, Nguyen, Nguyen, Duong, Eto, Nishikawa, Matsui, Orlov, Stuart, Brown, Rowley, Murphy, Wang, and Che, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 124: 162, by implication.

English Names

Malaysian Asian Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Variable Litter Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80).

Malaysian Litter Toad (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 30). 


Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, and adjacent southernmost peninsular Thailand (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Thailand


See accounts by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 207–208 (as Megophrys heteropus), and Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 34. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 76–77. Matsui, 1997, Copeia, 1997: 158–165, reported on advertisement call. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80–81, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Chan-ard and Thong-aree, 2003, BRT Research Report, 2003: 245–258, reported the species from Hala-Bala Wildlife Sanctuary, Yala and Narathiwat province, Thailand. Matsui, 2006, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 23: 821–830, suggested that populations of Leptolalax heteropus from Thailand may be referable to Leptolalax solusGrismer, Chan, Grismer, Wood, and Ahmad, 2010, Russ. J. Herpetol., 17: 147–160, reported localities from the Banjaran Bintang Mountains, northwestern peninsular Malaysia. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 122–123, provided a brief account (photograph, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). 

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