Leptobrachella oshanensis (Liu, 1950)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachella > Species: Leptobrachella oshanensis

Megophrys oshanensis Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 197. Holotype: C.-C. Liu 1000, by original designation; now CIB 1000. Type locality: "Mount Omei, Szechwan [=Sichuan], 3,500 feet altitude", China.

Carpophrys oshanensisSichuan Biological Research Institute, 1977, Syst. Key Chinese Amph.: 30. Anonymous, and therefore unavailable, generic name.

Leptobrachium (Leptolalax) oshanenseDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476.

Leptolalax pelodytoides oshanesisDubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 149. Inger, Zhao, Shaffer, and Wu, 1990, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 58: 5; Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 117.

Leptolalax oshanensisTian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 55.

Leptolalax (Lalax) oshanensisDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 14.

Paramegophrys (Paramegophrys) oshanensisJiang, Ye, and Fei, 2008, J. Anhui Normal Univ., Nat. Sci., 31: 263.

Paramegophrys oshanensisFei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 309.

Leptolalax (Lalos) oshanensis — Dubois, Grosjean, Ohler, Adler, and Zhao, 2010, Zootaxa, 2493: 67.

Leptobrachella oshanensis — Chen, Poyarkov, Suwannapoom, Lathrop, Wu, Zhou, Yuan, Jin, Chen, Liu, Nguyen, Nguyen, Duong, Eto, Nishikawa, Matsui, Orlov, Stuart, Brown, Rowley, Murphy, Wang, and Che, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 124: 162, by implication. 

English Names

Oshan Metacarpal-tubercled Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 100).

Pigmy Crawl Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 79).


Known from localities between 720 and 1800 m in Guizhou, Hubei, Gansu, Chongqing, and Sichuan provinces, China.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


See Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 100-101, for brief account, figure, and map. Placed as a synonym of Leptolalax pelodytoides by Dubois, 1981, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 50: 187-188; this not accepted by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 160. See account (as Leptolalax oshanensis) by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 160. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 137, provided a brief account and illustration. Jiang, Xie, Fei, Ye, and Zheng, 2002, Zool. Res., Kunming, 23: 89–94, reported on vocalization. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 309-315, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 172-173, provided a brief account (as Paramegophrys oshanensis) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Ohler, Wollenberg, Grosjean, Hendrix, Vences, Ziegler, and Dubois, 2011, Zootaxa, 3147: 31-31, provided an account and redelimited the species to include only the Chinese populations, the Thai and Laotian populations being assigned to Leptolalax minimus. Ohler, Wollenberg, Grosjean, Hendrix, Vences, Ziegler, and Dubois, 2011, Zootaxa, 3147: 1-83, characterized the species comparatively. See comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 7 (as Leptolalax pelodytoides oshanensis). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 200–201, provided an account (as Paramegophrys oshanensis), photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 601–604, provided an account (as Paramegophrys), photographs, and dot map. See Yao and Gong, 2012, Amph. Rept. Gansu: 28–29, who provided a brief account and photograph, as Leptolalax oshanensisShen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 143–147, provided a detailed account for Hunan. China, as Paramegophrys oshanensis. Zhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 69–71, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population in northeastern Guizhou, China. Record from Mount Bamian, Hunan Province, China, reported by Xiang, Deng, Dong, and Xiao, 2008, Chinese J. Zool., 43: 138–140, was referred to Leptobrachella wulingensis by Qian, Xia, Cao, Xiao, and Yang, 2020, Zootaxa, 4816: 505. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.