Leptobrachium hendricksoni Taylor, 1962

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium hendricksoni

Leptobrachium hendricksoni Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 308. Holotype: EHT 34749, by original designation; now FMNH 178259 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 57. Type locality: "Bhetong, Yala, Thailand".

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) hendricksoniDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476; Inger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16; Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 24; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

English Names

Thai Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Bright Yellow-eyed Crawl Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 76).

Spotted Litter Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 76; Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 134).

Red-eyed Spadefoot Toad (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 32). 

Hendrickson's Litter Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 134).


Southern peninsular Thailand (Trang, Songkhla, Yala, Satun, and Narathiwat provinces) and West Malaysia; Provinces of Aceh, Riu, and Sumatera Uta, Indonesia, on the island of Sumatra, and Burguran I. (Natuna Is.); also Sarawak (Borneo), Malaysia; possibly extending into southern Tanintharyi Division, Myanmar, but not yet collected there.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia, Malaysia, Malaysia, East (Sarawak and/or Sabah), Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Thailand


Considered a synonym of Leptobrachium hasseltii by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 29, but considered a distinct species; without discussion, by Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476, Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 147–153, and Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 551–574. See also discussion of taxonomic confusion by Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 19–29, who recognize Leptobrachium hendricksoni. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 71–72. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 76, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 76–77, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Grismer, Chan, Grismer, Wood, and Ahmad, 2010, Russ. J. Herpetol., 17: 147–160, reported localities from the Banjaran Bintang Mountains, northwestern peninsular Malaysia. Teynié, David, and Ohler, 2010, Zootaxa, 2416: 7, commented on the range in Sumatra. Thong-aree, Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Thailand Nat. Hist. Mus. J., 5: 99–106, reported the species from Bala Forest, Narathiwat, extreme southern Thailand. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 124, detailed the range in Thailand. Wogan, 2012, Zootaxa, 3415: 33, commented on the possible range in Myanmar. Nidup, Wangkulangkul, Satasook, Bates, and Juthong, 2013, Proc. World Biodiversity Congr., 2013: 1–13, reported a population on Tarutao Island, Satun Province, Thailand. Manthey and Denzer, 2013, Sauria, Berlin, 35: 6–8, provided a brief account and photograph, covering adult and larval morphology, habitat, and range. Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 12, reported specimens from Lata Tembaka, Lata Belatan, and from the base of Mount Lawit, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat. Draškić, Wangkulangkul, Martínez-Solano, and Vörös, 2018, Amphibia-Reptilia, 39: 99–111, suggested that nominal Leptobrachium hendricksoni is divided into four lineages: a) southern Thailand (Titiwangsa and Nakhon si Thammarat ranges); b) northeasst Malaysia ( Banjaran Pantai Timur range), c) Sumatra, d) Peninsular Malaysia, of which they considered A and B to be conspecific and C and D to be different, but unnamed species. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 134–135, provided a brief account (photograph, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). In the Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) hasseltii complex of Al-Razi, Maria, and Poyarkov, 2021, J. Nat. Hist., London, 55: 85–114, who reported on molecular systematics. Hong, Anuar, Grismer, and Quah, 2021, Check List, 17: 796, reported the species from Batu Hampar Recreational Forest, Kedah, West Malaysia. Herlambang, Riyanto, Munir, Hamidy, Kimura, Eto, and Mumpuni, 2022, Treubia, 49: 78, reported the species from Bunguran I., Natuna Is., Indonesia. Fauzan, Farajallah, and Hamidy, 2023, Treubia, 50: 89–110, reported on morphological differentia among Indonesian species.  

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