Leptobrachium nigrops Berry and Hendrickson, 1963

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium nigrops

Leptobrachium nigrops Berry and Hendrickson, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 644. Holotype: FMNH 134719, by original designation. Type locality: "Singapore Catchment Area near Nee Soon Pumping Station, altitude 10-15 meters".

Megophrys nigropsGorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 21.

Leptobrachium nigropsMarx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 57.

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) nigropsDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 476. Inger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16; Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 25; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

English Names

Singapore Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Black-eyed Litter Frog (Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 21).


Singapore and peninsular Thailand and West Malaysia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Singapore, Thailand


Reviewed by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 37–39. See Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 27, for Thailand record. See brief accounts by Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 35, and Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 21. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 73–74. Manthey and Denzer, 2013, Sauria, Berlin, 35: 6–8, provided a brief account and photograph, covering adult and larval morphology, habitat, and range. Records from Borneo are now assigned to Leptobrachium ingeri and Leptobrachium kanowitense. In the Leptobrachium hasseltii complex of Al-Razi, Maria, and Poyarkov, 2021, J. Nat. Hist., London, 55: 85–114, who reported on molecular systematics. Figueroa, Low, and Lim, 2023, Zootaxa, 5287: 1–378, provided records, literature, and conservation status for Singapore. Fauzan, Farajallah, and Hamidy, 2023, Treubia, 50: 89–110, reported on morphological differentia among Indonesian species.  

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