Leptobrachium pullum (Smith, 1921)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Leptobrachium > Species: Leptobrachium pullum

Megalophrys hasseltii var. pullus Smith, 1921, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1921: 440. Syntypes: BMNH 1921.5.5.29 (formerly M. Smith No. 2103), 1921.5.5.30 (formerly M. Smith No. 2105), 1921.5.5.31 (formerly M. Smith No. 2108), BMNH 1921.5.32–33 (formerly M. Smith No. 2090–91), 1921.5.5.34 (formerly M. Smith no. 2093), 1921.5.5.35 (formerly M. Smith No. 2101), 1921.5.5.36 (formerly M. Smith No. 5192)). One specimen in FMNH regarded as a "cotype" by Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 57. BMNH 1921.5.5.36 designated lectotype by Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 22. Type locality: "southern Annam", Vietnam; given as Arbre Broye, east of Da Lat, Lang Bian Plateau, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam by Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 25.

Megophrys hasseltii pullusBourret, 1939, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1939: 58.

Leptobrachium hasseltii pullusTaylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 316; Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 32.

Leptobrachium (Leptobrachium) pullumInger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16; Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: 147–153; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 12.

Leptobrachium (Vibrissaphora) pullumMatsui, Hamidy, Murphy, Khonsue, Yambun Imbun, Shimada, Ahmad, Belabut, and Jiang, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 269.

English Names

Vietnam Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86; Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 12).


Central and southern Vietnam at 500 to 2000 m elevation.


Removed from the synonymy of Leptobrachium hasseltii by Inger, 1983, in Rhodin and Miyata (eds.), Adv. Herpetol. Evol. Biol.: 16. See Dubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 25–26, who tentatively including Thailand specimens in this species. See comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 4. See account by Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999, Japan. J. Herpetol., 18: 19–29, who noted that records from Thailand all apply to other species. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 74–75. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 474, noted that the report for Laos by Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 44, was based on specimens of Leptobrachium chapaense. Stuart, Rowley, Tran, Le, and Hoang, 2011, Zootaxa, 2804: 25–40, discussed the species and its distinctiveness from Leptobrachium leucops. See comment under Leptobrachium mouhoti. Wogan, 2012, Zootaxa, 3415: 33, noted that the previous record of Leptobrachium pullum from Myanmar (Karin, Pego, Taninthari) are not referable to this species. See brief account, photograph, and map in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 50–51. 

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