Scutiger nepalensis Dubois, 1974

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Leptobrachiinae > Genus: Scutiger > Species: Scutiger nepalensis

Scutiger nepalensis Dubois, 1974 "1973", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 98: 496. Holotype: MNHNP 1974.1095, by original designation. Type locality: "Khaptar, petit torrent sur le chemin de Doti à Chainpur, 20 km à l'Ouest du lac sacré de Dah Khaptar, Ouest-Népal (29° 25′ N, 81° 02′ E; altitude 2950 m)."

Scutiger (Scutiger) nepalensisDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 478. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 15; Fei, Ye, and Li, 1989, Acta Zool. Sinica, 35: 387; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 13.

English Names

Nepal Lazy Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Nepal High Altitude Toad (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 78).

Mountain Pelobatid Toad (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 77).

Asiatic Spadefoot Toad (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 77).


Mountains of western Nepal, 3000–5000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Nepal

Endemic: Nepal


In the Scutiger sikimmensis group, according to Dubois, 1978, Senckenb. Biol., 59: 169. See additional specimens mentioned by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 21. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 175–177, provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 77. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 442. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 44, for brief account for Nepal. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. See Khatiwada, Shu, Subedi, Wang, Ohler, Cannatella, Xie, and Jiang, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 139–157, for comments on morphology. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the genetics of the species in Nepal.     

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