Microhyla achatina Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla achatina

Hysaplesia achatina Boie in Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239. Nomen nudum.

Hylaplesia achatina Boie in Schlegel, 1826, Isis von Oken, 20: 294. Nomen nudum attributed to Boie. Synonymy by Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 71; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 166.

Microhyla achatina Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 28, 71. Syntypes: RMNH 1728 (5 specimens), WCAB (1 specimen) (now in MZUSP), and IRSNB 1.722 (1 specimen exchanged from RMNH), according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 10; possibly including BMNH 1844.2.22.97 (now 1947.2.11.59, by museum records, on exchange from RMNH), according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 136. Type locality: "Java", Indonesia.

Micrhyla achatinaDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 614; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 121.

Hyla achatinaDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 614.

Dendromanes achatinusGistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: 11.

Diplopelma disciferum Peters, 1867, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1867: 36. Syntypes: unspecified number in ZMB and MLU; ZMB 4434 designated lectotype by Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 263; see also Bauer, 2016, in Das and Tuen (eds.), Nat. Explor. Field Sci. SE Asia Australasia: 93. Type locality: "Java", Indonesia. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 166.

Engystoma disciferumCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 194.

Microhyla achatinaParker, 1928, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 2: 489.

Microhyla (Microhyla) achatinaDubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 3.

English Names

Java Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90).

Javan Chorus Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 56).

Javanese Narrow-mouthed Frog (McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 34).


Java (below 1600 m. elevation), Indonesia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Endemic: Indonesia


Subgenus Microhyla, Microhyla achatina group. See account by Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 56-57. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 46, to compare this species with other microhylids in the Sunda Shelf region. McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 34, provided a brief account and photograph. Records for Bali were reassigned to Microhyla orientalis by Matsui, Hamidy, and Eto, 2013, Zootaxa, 3670: 579–590. Kurniati, 2013, J. Biol. Indonesia, 9: 303–310, reported on vocalizations. Manthey and Denzer, 2014, Sauria, Berlin, 36: 3–21, provided some morphology and color notes in comparison with Microhyla palmipes, suggesting that there may be taxonomic problems on the island of Java. Firdaus, Ratih, Karima, Kusuma, and Suastika, 2018, Bioinform. Biomed. Res. J., 1: 1–6, reported on the mtDNA phylogenetic relationships of the species of Microhyla within Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and peninsular Malaysia, placing this species as the sister of Microhyla borneensis + (Microhyla mantheyi + (Microhyla borneensis + Microhyla malang). In the Microhyla achatina species group of Garg, Suyesh, Das, Jiang, Wijayathilaka, Amarasinghe, Alhadi, Vineeth, Aravind, Senevirathne, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018 "2019", Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 69: 1–71. Gorin, Solovyeva, Hasan, Okamiya, Karunarathna, Pawangkhanant, de Silva, Juthong, Milto, Nguyen, Suwannapoom, Haas, Bickford, Das, and Poyarkov, 2020, PeerJ, 8 (e9411): 1–47, placed this species in their Microhyla achatina group and noted that it is composed of two cryptic species. See brief account for East Java by Amin, 2020, Frogs of East Java: 49–52. Badriah, Wahyuni, Usman, Mahrawi, Ratnasari, and Rifqiawati, 2022, Berkala Ilmiah Biologi, 13 (3): 1–8, reported specimens from Ujong Kulon National Park, extreme western Java, Indonesia.   

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