Microhyla palmipes Boulenger, 1897

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla palmipes

Microhyla palmipes Boulenger, 1897, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 19: 108. Holotype: BMNH 1896.12.3.40 according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 133, now BM 1947.2.11.73, according to museum records. Type locality: "Pengalengan, Java, 4000 ft.", Indonesia.

Microhyla niasensis Van Kampen, 1915, in Zwaan (ed.), Die Insel Nias bei Sumatra: 279. Holotype: ZMA 5253, according to Van Tuijl, 1995, Bull. Zool. Mus. Univ. Amsterdam, 14: 128. Type locality: "Gunung Sitoli", Nias I., near Sumatra, Indonesia. Synonymy by Parker, 1928, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 2: 484. Formerly placed in the synonymy of Microhyla annectens by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 156 (on the basis of misidentified specimens according to Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 132).

Microhyla (Microhyla) palmipesDubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 3.

English Names

Pengalengan Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 90).

Palmated Chorus Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 57).

Palmated Narrow-mouthed Frog (McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 34).


Sumatra, Nias, Java, and Bali, Indonesia (see comment). 


Subgenus Microhyla, Microhyla berdmorei group. For accounts see Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 124–125, Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 516–518, and Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 57–58 (who noted that it had been confused in the literature with Microhyla annectens). See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 46, to compare this species with other microhylids in the Sunda Shelf region. Bain and Nguyen, 2004, Copeia, 2004: 520, discussed the records for Vietnam and considered them to be unjustified. McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 34–35, provided a brief account and photograph. Manthey and Denzer, 2014, Sauria, Berlin, 36: 3–21, provided some morphology and color notes in comparison with Microhyla palmipes, suggesting that there may be taxonomic problems on the island of Java. Manthey, Denzer, and Quah, 2016, Sauria, Berlin, 38: 23–30, reported on the species, noting that records of Microhyla palmipes from the Malay Peninsula appear to be based on misidentified members of the Microhyla superciliaris complex. Firdaus, Ratih, Karima, Kusuma, and Suastika, 2018, Bioinform. Biomed. Res. J., 1: 1–6, reported on the mtDNA phylogenetic relationships of the species of Microhyla within Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and peninsular Malaysia, placing this species as the sister of a taxon composed of Microhyla superciliaris, Microhyla berdmorei, Microhyla achatina, Microhyla mantheyi, Microhyla borneensis, and Microhyla malang. Gorin, Solovyeva, Hasan, Okamiya, Karunarathna, Pawangkhanant, de Silva, Juthong, Milto, Nguyen, Suwannapoom, Haas, Bickford, Das, and Poyarkov, 2020, PeerJ, 8 (e9411): 1–47, placed this species in their monotypic Microhyla palmipes group and suggested that their Bali and Sumatra samples represented different species. See brief account for East Java by Amin, 2020, Frogs of East Java: 52–55.    

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