Microhyla rubra (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Microhyla > Species: Microhyla rubra

Engystoma rubrum Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Type(s): Not stated, presumably originally in ZSIC although not reported in type lists; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. Type locality: "in the Carnatic near rivers, in sandy banks . . . also Ceylon", southern India and Sri Lanka.

Copea fulva Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 286. Syntypes: NHMW 16384. 1-2, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 15, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 18. Type locality: "Brasilien", in error according to Parker, 1932, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 10, 10: 341, who made the synonymy.

Microhyla rubraBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 164.

Microhyla fulvaMiranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 156.

Microhyla (Diplopelma) rubraDubois, 1987, Alytes, 6: 4.

English Names

Guangdong Rice Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).

Red Narrow-mouthed Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 56).

Densely Spotted Microhylid Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 42).

Jerdon's Narrow-mouthed Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 68).

Red Chorus Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 8).


India (confirmed only from Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, possibly to Goa and through Telangana and Andhra Pradesh to West Bengal); records from Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, West Bengal, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh, and China are doubtful (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


Courtship, amplexus, and advertisement call reported by Kanamadi, Hiremath, and Schneider, 1994, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 66: 683–684. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 61-62, provided relevant literature (but Sri Lankan localities are now referable to Microhyla mihintalei. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 42, provided a brief account. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 193-194, provided an account for a Kaloula species similar to Kaloula rubra in Nepal. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 126-129, provided an account for peninsular India. Wogan, Vindum, Wilkinson, Koo, Slowinski, Win, Thin, Kyi, Oo, Lwin, and Shein, 2008, Hamadryad, 33: 84-86, provided the first record for Magwe Division, western Myanmar. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions in the literature of varying completeness. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 68, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 90–91, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Bowatte and Meegaskumbura, 2011, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 5: 22–32, reported on larval morphology and ecology.  In the Microhyla rubra species group of Garg, Suyesh, Das, Jiang, Wijayathilaka, Amarasinghe, Alhadi, Vineeth, Aravind, Senevirathne, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018 "2019", Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 69: 1–71, who noted that records from Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Myanmar, and Nepal are doubtful. Deuti, Sethy, and Ray, 2014, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 114: 124–125, provided a  brief account for the population of the Eastern Ghats, India. Purkayastha, Khan, and Roychoudhury, 2020, in Roy et al. (eds.), Socio-economic and Eco-biological Dimensions in Resource use and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering: 225–233, provided a record for Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, India. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. Gorin, Solovyeva, Hasan, Okamiya, Karunarathna, Pawangkhanant, de Silva, Juthong, Milto, Nguyen, Suwannapoom, Haas, Bickford, Das, and Poyarkov, 2020, PeerJ, 8 (e9411): 1–47, placed this species in their Microhyla ornata group. Ganesh and Guptha, 2021, J. Anim. Diversity, 3(3): 28, provided records from the Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, India. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 32, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar, but doubted the identification of these records. Srinivasulu and Kumar, 2022, J. Threatened Taxa, 14: 21268, reported the species from the state of Telangana, south-central India. Rabbe, Jaman, Alam, Rahman, and Sarker, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16: 226–234, provided records for northwestern Bangladesh although these identifications are doubtful given the publication of Garg et al., 2018, above.

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