Otophryninae Wassersug and Pyburn, 1987

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Otophryninae
13 species

Otophryninae Wassersug and Pyburn, 1987, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 91: 166. Type genus: Otophryne Boulenger, 1900.

English Names

None noted. 


Colombia, Ecuador, and northwestern Peru east through the Guianas and northern Brazil.


Considered a synonym of Microhylinae (sensu lato) by Wild, 1995, Copeia, 1995: 845, but Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 225, removed Otophryne from any subfamily pending resolution of its phylogenetic placement. Subsequently, van der Meijden, Vences, Hoegg, Boistel, Channing, and Meyer, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 44: 1017-1030. suggested on the basis of DNA sequence evidence that Otophryninae is not closely related to Gastrophryninae or Microhylinae. Not treated by Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 357-364. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their molecular study, considered Otophryninae to be the sister taxon of all Microhylidae, excepting Phrynomerinae. de Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1-21, suggested that Otophryninae is deeply imbedded within the microhylid tree and the sister taxon of Kalophryninae. Tu, Yang, Liang, and Zhang, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 126: 85–91, suggested that it is the sister taxon of Gastrophryninae. 

Contained taxa (13 sp.):

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