Phrynomantis affinis Boulenger, 1901

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Phrynomerinae > Genus: Phrynomantis > Species: Phrynomantis affinis

Phrynomantis affinis Boulenger, 1901, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 2: 6. Holotype: MRAC, now apparently in the BMNH as BMNH 1947.2.15.46 according to museum records. Type locality: "Pweto", Lake Mweru, Dem. Rep. Congo.

Phrynomerus hoeschi Parker, 1940, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 5: 261. Holotype: BMNH 1937.12.3.15, by original designation. Type locality: "Ombujamatemba (1450 m.), near the Waterberg, S. W. Africa", Namibia. Synonymy by Laurent, 1964, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 67: 156; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 86; Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 8.

Phrynomerus affinisPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 86.

Phrynomantis affinisDubois, 1988, Alytes, 7: 1-5.

English Names

Red-spotted Frog (Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 112).

Northern Red-spotted Frog (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15).

Pweto Snake-necked Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 91).

Spotted Rubber Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 231; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 284).


Northeastern Namibia and isolated record in eastern Angola to western Zambia, and southern Katanga Province (Dem. Rep. Congo), not including Upemba Park; possibly to be found in northern Botswana and western Zimbabwe.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Angola, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Namibia, Zambia

Likely/Controversially Present: Botswana, Zimbabwe


See Poynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 26: 514–515 (as Phrynomerus affinis), Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 231–232, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 284–285, for accounts. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 79, provided a map for Angola and provided a brief account. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 108–109, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Becker and Channing, 2024, Afr. J. Herpetol., 73: 105–117, described the advertisement call, provided range extensions, and a dot and polygon distribution map.  

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