Nasikabatrachidae Biju and Bossuyt, 2003

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Nasikabatrachidae
2 species

Nasikabatrachidae Biju and Bossuyt, 2003, Nature, 425: 711. Type genus: Nasikabatrachus Biju and Bossuyt, 2003.

English Names

Purple Pignosed Frog (Vitt and Caldwell, 2014, Herpetology, 4th Ed.: 501).


Western Ghats of southern India.


See comment under Sooglossidae. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 191, regarded Nasikabatrachidae to be a synonym of Sooglossidae because the former is monotypic and the two together form a monophyletic unit. However, subsequent, nearly universal, usage has been to treat these as distinct due to the antiquity of both groups. Bossuyt and Roelants, 2009, in Hedges and Kumar (eds.), Timetree of Life: 357-364, considered this taxon a distinct family based on the age of its divergence from Sooglossidae. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their molecular study, confirmed this sister-taxon relationship of Nasikabatrachidae and Sooglossidae. Blackburn and Wake, 2011, In Zhang (ed.), Zootaxa, 3148: 39-55, briefly reviewed the taxonomic history of this taxon. Vitt and Caldwell, 2014, Herpetology, 4th Ed., provided a summary of life history, diagnosis, and taxonomy. Blotto, Biju, Pereyra, Araujo-Vieira, Faivovich, and Grant, 2022, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 135: 336–393, reported on hand and foot musculature, including synapomorphies of the superfamily (Sooglossoidea, including Nasikabatrachidae and Sooglossidae), convergences within the taxon, and discussed hind limb digging in anurans. 

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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