Phrynobatrachus graueri (Nieden, 1911)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Phrynobatrachidae > Genus: Phrynobatrachus > Species: Phrynobatrachus graueri

Arthroleptis graueri Nieden, 1911 "1910", Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1910: 441. Holotype: ZMB 21782, according to Grandison, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 446. Type locality: "Rugegewald" (= Rugege Forest), Lake Region of Central Africa.

Phrynobatrachus graueriNieden, 1912 "1911", Wissenschaft. Ergebn. Deutschen Zentral Afr. Exped., 4: 174; Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 335; Deckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 131.

Hylarthroleptis graueriAhl, 1925 "1923", Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1923: 103.

Phrynobatrachus (Phrynobatrachus) graueriLaurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 34: 202.

English Names

Rugege River Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 103).

Grauer's Puddle Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 278).


Damp leaf litter near streams in Rwanda, adjacent eastern Dem. Rep. Congo, and Uganda, to western Kenya.


See De Witte, 1941, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 33: 81–84, for synonymy and review. Very similar to Phrynobatrachus bequaerti, according to Drewes and Vindum, 1994, J. Afr. Zool., 108: 63. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 278–279, provided an account. Frétey, 2008, Alytes, 25: 99–17, summarized the literature. In species group C of Zimkus, Rödel, and Hillers, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 55: 883–900. Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 44, provided a photograph, range map, and brief characterization. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 276–277, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. In the Phrynobatrachus natalensis group of Goutte, Reyes-Velasco, and Boissinot, 2019, ZooKeys, 824: 53–70.

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