Phyllomedusa bicolor (Boddaert, 1772)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Phyllomedusidae > Genus: Phyllomedusa > Species: Phyllomedusa bicolor

English Names

Blue-and-Yellow Frog (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 126; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 67).

Bicoloured Tree-frog (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 173).

Giant Monkey Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 62).


Amazon Basin in Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, and Venezuela; the Guianan regions of Venezuela and the Guianas; possibly to be found in eastern Ecuador.


See accounts by Duellman, 1974, Herpetologica, 30: 105–112, and Lescure, Marty, Marty, Starace, Thomay, and Letellier, 1995, Rev. Fr. Aquar. Herpetol., 22: 35–50. Zimmerman, 1983, Herpetologica, 39: 235–246, and Zimmerman and Bogart, 1984, Acta Amazonica, 14: 473–520, reported on vocalization. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 44–45, provided a brief account for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 100–101, provided a brief account and photo. Not assigned to species group by Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 117–118. Kok and Kalamandeen, 2008, Intr. Taxon. Amph. Kaieteur Natl. Park: 192–193, provided an account. See account for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 204–207. Barrio-Amorós, 2009, Mem. Fund. La Salle Cienc. Nat., 171: 19–46, discussed the biology and range in Venezuela. Pinto, Py-Daniel, and Menin, 2013, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 8: 67–72, reported on larval morphology. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 107, for comments on range and literature. For identification of larvae in central Amazonia, Brazil, see Hero, 1990, Amazoniana, 11: 201–262. Mota, Kaefer, Nunes, Lima, and Farias, 2020, Amphibia-Reptilia, 41: 349–359, provided molecular evidence for this nominal species to be composed of at least two, but possibly more, cryptic species. 

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