Xenopus clivii Peracca, 1898

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pipidae > Subfamily: Dactylethrinae > Genus: Xenopus > Species: Xenopus clivii

Xenopus clivii Peracca, 1898, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 13 (321): 3. Type(s): Not stated; MZUT An261 (Sanganeiti) and An219 (Adi Caièh) are syntypes according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 40. Type locality: "Eritrea, Saganeiti, [and] Adi Caié", Eritrea.

Xenopus (Xenopus) cliviiKobel, Barandun, and Thiebaud, 1998, Herpetol. J., 8: 13.

English Names

Eritrea Clawed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97).

Eritrean Smooth Clawed Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 110).

Peracca's Clawed Frog (Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 153).

Clivi's Clawed Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 50).  


Centered on the Ethiopian Plateau, but also found in Eritrea, and likely extending  into the Lake Turkana region of northwestern Kenya and immediately adjacent South Sudan, from about 820 to 2745 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Eritrea, Ethiopia


Chromosome number 2n = 36 (Tymowska and Fischberg, 1973, Chromosoma, Berlin, 44: 337). See comments by Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 312-313. See account, photograph, and map for Ethiopia and Eritrea by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 152-154. Evans, Bliss, Mendel, and Tinsley, 2011, Mol. Ecol., 20: 4216-4230, discussed the genetic differentiation of populations on either side of the Rift in Ethiopia. Possibly in the Xenopus muelleri group according to Evans, Carter, Greenbaum, Gvoždík, Kelley, McLaughlin, Pauwels, Portik, Stanley, Tinsley, Tobias, and Blackburn, 2015, PLoS One, 10(12): e0142823: 29.

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