Hildebrandtia ornata (Peters, 1878)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ptychadenidae > Genus: Hildebrandtia > Species: Hildebrandtia ornata

Pyxicephalus ornatus Peters, 1878, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1878: 207. Holotype: ZMB 9297 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 49. Type locality: "Taita" (= Teita), Kenya. Secondary homonym of Rana ornata Holbrook, 1842 (= Pseudacris ornatus), when considered to be in Rana.

Rana ornataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 33.

Rana moeruensis Boulenger, 1901, Ann. Mus. R. Congo Belge, Tervuren, Zool., 2: 2. Holotype: MRAC 60, according to De Witte, 1930, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 19: 266. Type locality: "Pweto", Dem. Rep. Congo. Synonymy by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40.

Rana Budgetti Boulenger, 1903, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 12: 555. Syntypes: BMNH (4 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "McCarthy Island, Gambia". Synonymy by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40.

Rana ruddi Boulenger, 1907, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1907: 480. Syntypes: BMNH (3 specimens), by original designation. Type locality: "a rain pool at Beira", Mozambique. Synonymy with Rana ornata ornata by Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40; Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 122.

Hildebrandtia ornataNieden, 1907, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1907: 228.

Pyxicephalus ruddiBoulenger, 1910, Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 5: 528.

Rana (Hildebrandtia) moeruensisBoulenger, 1919, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 8: 33-37.

Rana (Hildebrandtia) ornataBoulenger, 1919, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 8: 34; Procter, 1920, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1920: 413; Mertens, 1971, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 529: 17; Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233, by implication.

Rana (Hildebrandtia) ruddiBoulenger, 1919, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 8: 34.

Rana (Hildebrandtia) budgettiBoulenger, 1919, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr., 8: 34.

Rana ornata ornataSchmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40.

Rana ornata moeruensisSchmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40.

Rana ornata budgettiSchmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 40.

Pyxicephalus ornatus ornatusPienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 70.

Hildebrandtia ornata ornataPoynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 122.

Rana ornata ornataInger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 46.

Hildebrandtia (Hildebrandtia) ornataDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56.

Hildebrandtia ornata moeruensisRödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 80.

Hildebrandtia ornatum —  Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 39. Incorrect gender of species name.

English Names

Moeru Frog (Rana moeruensis: Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 158).

Ornate Pyxie (Pyxicephalus ornatus ornatus: Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 79).

Black-throated Pyxie (Pyxicephalus ornatus ornatus: Pienaar, 1963, Koedoe, 6: 79).

Ornate Frog (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 139; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 148; Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 294-295; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 302).

Ornate Burrowing Frog (Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 114; Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 15; Lambiris, 1990 "1989", Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 10: 102).

Hildebrandt's Burrowing Frog (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 5).

African Ornate Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).

Common Ornate Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 266).

Southern Ornate Frog (Theron and Minter, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 282).

Budgett's Burrowing Frog (Emms, Jambang, Bah, Mankali, Rödel, and Barnett, 2005, Herpetol. Bull., London, 94: 9).

Distribution

Subsaharan savannas of Africa from Senegal to Kenya, south to the northern parts of South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia, to about 1200 m elevation. 

Comment

See Schmidt and Inger, 1959, Explor. Parc Natl. Upemba, Miss. G.F. de Witte, 56: 38-41, and Poynton and Broadley, 1985, Ann. Natal Mus., 27: 141-142, for accounts of central African populations. Lambiris, 1988, Lammergeyer, 39: 80-81, discussed the Natal population. Poynton and Haacke, 1993, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 36: 1-16, suggested that Angolan populations approached Hildebrandtia ornatissima (their Hildebrandtia ornata ornatissima) morphologically., provided accounts. Not included in the Somalian herpetofauna by Lanza, 1990, Biogeographia, 14: 409. Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 79-84, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 294-295, Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 266-268, and Theron and Minter, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 282-283, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 302-303, provided accounts. Nago, Grell, Sinsin, and Rödel, 2006, Salamandra, 42: 93-108, provided a record for Benin. Emms, Jambang, Bah, Mankali, Rödel, and Barnett, 2005, Herpetol. Bull., London, 94: 6-16, implied that records from Gambia were flawed. Pauwels and Rödel, 2007, Herpetozoa, Wien, 19: 135-148, did not note this species as occurring in Gabon. Mercurio, 2011, Amph. Malawi: 245-246, provided an account for Malawi. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 300–301, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Harper, Measey, Patrick, Menegon, and Vonesh, 2010, Field Guide Amph. E. Arc Mts. Tanzania and Kenya: 258–259, provided a brief account and photograph. Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 95, provided a brief discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 129, provided a map for Angola and brief discussion of literature. Phaka, Netherlands, Kruger, and Du Preez, 2017, Bilingual Field Guide Frogs Zululand: 53, provided a photograph, Zululand regional map, and a brief account of life history and identification. Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 39, provided a photograph, range map, and brief characterization. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 322–323, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Baptista, António, and Branch, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (e203): 96–130, reported on specimens from Bicuar National Park, southwestern Angola and discussed the taxonomic history.    

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