Ptychadena trinodis (Boettger, 1881)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ptychadenidae > Genus: Ptychadena > Species: Ptychadena trinodis

Rana trinodis Boettger, 1881, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 12: 414. Syntypes: 16 specimens, formerly SMF, now lost (not mentioned in type catalog of Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 1-106). NHMW 13447 (4 specimens) considered paratypes (syntypes?) by Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 33. Type localities: "Dakar" and "Rufisque", Senegal.

Rana (Ptychadena) trinodisDe Witte, 1921, Rev. Zool. Afr., 9: 7; Guibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 943.

Ptychadena trinodisGuibé and Lamotte, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 942; Lamotte, 1958, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 20: 1464; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56; by implication.

Rana trinodisInger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 91.

Rana (Ptychadena) trinodisDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 233, by implication.

Ptychadena (Ptychadena) trinodisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 316.

English Names

Dakar Grassland Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).


Senegal and southern Mauritania, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, through Central African Republic to northern Dem. Rep. Congo (Garamba); expected in northern Rep. Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Niger, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, and southwestern Sudan.


Studied by Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 24; Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 91; and Amiet, 1974, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 18: 124. Removed from the synonymy of Ptychadena mossambica by Inger, 1968, Explor. Parc Natl. Garamba, Miss. H. de Saeger, 52: 91, where it had been placed by Loveridge, 1957, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 117: 341. Rödel, 2000, Herpetofauna W. Afr., 1: 124-127, provided an account. Padial, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 260, provided the record from Mauritania. Padial and De la Riva, 2004, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 18: 94, provided records from Mauritania. Wanger, 2005, Salamandra, 41: 27-33, provided Gambia records. Nago, Grell, Sinsin, and Rödel, 2006, Salamandra, 42: 93-108, provided a record for Benin. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 24, provided records for Nigeria. Emms, Jambang, Bah, Mankali, Rödel, and Barnett, 2005, Herpetol. Bull., London, 94: 6-16, provided records for Gambia. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 316–317, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Padial, Crochet, Géniez, and Brito, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 11–22, discussed systematics, distribution, and conservation status in Mauritania. Ohler and Frétey, 2014, J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist., 103: 91, provided a brief discussion of a collection from northern Mozambique. Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, and Márquez, 2017, ZooKeys, 673: 125–133, reported on the specimens of Ptychadena from Mauritania, including this species. See detailed account for Mauritania by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 273–277. Ayoro, Segniagbeto, Hema, Penner, Oueda, Dubois, Rödel, Kabré, and Ohler, 2020, Zoosystema, 42: 547–582, discussed records, identification, and habitat in Burkina Faso. Sampaio, Velo-Antón, Martínez-Freiría, Sánchez-Vialas, Pleguezuelos, Géniez, Crochet, and Brito, 2021, Conserv. Genetics, 22: 233–248, discussed landscape genetics and range in Mauritania.  


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