Amolops gerbillus (Annandale, 1912)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amolops > Species: Amolops gerbillus

Rana gerbillus Annandale, 1912, Rec. Indian Mus., 8: 10. Holotype: ZSIC 16925, according to Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 69. Type locality: "Yembung, Abor foot-hills at an altitude of 1,100. ft. ", Arunachal Pradesh, India (in region claimed by China).

Ixalus argus Annandale, 1912, Rec. Indian Mus., 8: 16. Holotype: ZSIC 16950 according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 111. Type locality: "Upper Renging, Abor country", Arunachal Pradesh, India (in area claimed by China). Synonymy (with Polypedates afghana) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 217; and Dubois, 1974, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 213: 356–357. Synonymy with Amolops marmoratus by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 340. The revision by Dever, Fuiten, Konu, and Wilkinson, 2012, Copeia, 2012: 57–76, logically removed this name from the synonymy of Amolops marmoratus, but did not address it. Considered a possible  synonym of Amolops gerbillus by Wang, Bhattarai, Wu, Che, and Siler, 2020, Zootaxa, 4819: 143–158. 

Rana (Hylorana) gerbillusBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 127–130.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) argus — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 74.

Philautus argus — Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 527; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 178.

Amolops gerbillusFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 165.

Amolops (Amolops) gerbillusDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 321.

Rana gerbillusZhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 142.

Amolops yarlungzangbo Jiang, Wang, Li, Qi, Li, and Che in Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 231. Holotype: KIZ 03393, by original designation. Type locality: "from the side of Yarlung Zangbo River near Lugong River, Xirang, Mêdog, Tibet  (29.1776 N, 95.0057 E, 550 m)". Synonymy by Saikia, Sinha, Laskar, Shabnam, and Dinesh, 2022, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 122: 322. 

English Names

Yembung Sucker Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97).

Gerbil Stream Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 68).

Small-eared Torrent Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 232; Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 34).

Gerbil Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 108).

Gerbil's Stream Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 72).

Abor Foot-hill Cascade Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 10).


Southern slope of Himalayas in southeastern and southwestern Tibet (China), northern and northeastern India (Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, West Bengal, and Arunachal Pradesh) and adjacent Myanmar (Kachin); likely to be found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, India, Myanmar

Likely/Controversially Present: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal


See account (as Rana gerbillus) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 208, and (as Amolops gerbillus) by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 232–233. Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 277–278, commented on the Indian range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 108–113, provided a brief account (as Rana gerbillus). Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 80, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 113, provided partial bibliography, systematic comments, and range in India. Das and Palden, 2000, Herpetol. Rev., 31Das & Palden 2000, provided a record of Amolops marmoratus for Bhutan, but this was rejected by Mahony, Nidup, Streicher, Teeling, and Kamei, 2022, Herpetol. J., 32: 166, who referred the record to Amolops cf gerbillus. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117–1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 295, provided a brief account (as Rana gerbillus) for Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317–324, and Ningombam and Bordoloi, 2007, Zoos' Print J., 22: 2688–2690, provided records for Manipur, northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 72, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1519–1521, provided an account, figures, and range map, and included the species in their Amolops monticola group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 397, provided a brief account. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 406, provided an account, illustration, and a range map for China. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 200–201, provided a detailed account for Tibet. Unassigned to species group by Wu, Yan, Stuart, Prendini, Suwannapoom, Dahn, Zhang, Cai, Xu, Jiang, Chen, Lemmon, Lemmon, Raxworthy, Orlov, Murphy, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogenetics. Provisionally transferred to the Amolops marmoratus group from the Amolops monticola group by Jiang, Ren, Lyu, Wang, Wang, Lv, Wu, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 587. In the Amolops marmoratus group of Jiang, Ren, Lyu, Wang, Wang, Lv, Wu, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 574–591. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 34, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. 

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