Amolops monticola (Anderson, 1871)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amolops > Species: Amolops monticola

Hylorana monticola Anderson, 1871, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 40: 20. Holotype: Not stated; ZSIC 10036 according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 10. Type locality: "Darjeeling, 3500 feet", West Bengal, India.

Rana monticolaBoulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 461.

Rana (Hylorana) monticolaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 127-130.

Staurois monticolaSichuan Biological Research Institute, 1977, Syst. Key Chinese Amph.: 56.

Amolops monticola —Zhao In Hu, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 455; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 165.

Amolops (Amolops) monticolaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 321.

English Names

Mountain Sucker Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 97; Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 90; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 57).

Mountain Stream Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 71).

Mountain Torrent Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 232; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 57).

Mountain Cascade Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 57).

Montane Cascade Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 73).

Cascade Frog (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 90).


Sikkim and northeastern India to eastern Nepal and to Xizang (China; see comment), 1550–2350 m elevation; presumably in intervening Bhutan.


See account (as Rana monticola) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 206. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 232–233, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 53–54, 215, provided a brief account. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 115–116. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 90–91. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 76, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. See comment under Amolops himalayanus. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 113, provided partial bibliography, systematic comments, and range in India. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117–1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 73–74, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted a couple of larval descriptions in the literature of varying levels of completeness. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1522–1526, provided an account, figures, and range map, and included the species in their Amolops monticola group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 412, provided a brief account including photographs. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 57–58, provided an account for Xizang, China. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 49, for brief account for Nepal. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 428, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Jiang, Wang, Xie, Zou, Liu, Jiang, Li, and Che, 2016, Zool. Res., Kunming, 37: 38–39, doubted the records from China, implying that most or all are referable to Amolops aniquiaoensisWangyal, 2014, J. Bhutan Ecol. Soc., 1: 30, noted that the presence in Bhutan requires confirmation. See Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 10, for Sikkim, India, record. In the Amolops monticola group of Zeng, Liang, Li, Lyu, Wang, and Zhang, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 146 (106753): 1–9, and Wu, Yan, Stuart, Prendini, Suwannapoom, Dahn, Zhang, Cai, Xu, Jiang, Chen, Lemmon, Lemmon, Raxworthy, Orlov, Murphy, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogenetics. Not mentioned by Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, in their report on the Nepal amphibians, a curious oversight.

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