Lithobates juliani (Hillis and de Sá, 1988)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates juliani

Rana juliani Hillis and de Sá, 1988, Herpetol. Monogr., 2: 7. Holotype: UTA 9068, by original designation. Type locality: "SW end of Little Quartz Ridge, Maya Mountains, Toledo District, Belize, 16°24′N, 89°6′W, elevation 915 m".

Rana (Sierrana) julianiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Ranula, Lithobates) julianiHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates julianiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) julianiDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 829; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Lithobates) julianiHillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335–336, by implication; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

English Names

Maya Mountains Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Julian's Frog (Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 95).

Maya Mountain Frog (Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 128).


Streams of Little Quartz Ridge and Mountain Pine Ridge of the Maya Mountains, Belize, 100–915 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Belize

Endemic: Belize


In the Rana (Sierrana) maculata group, of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330. A member of the Rana palmipes group of Hillis and de Sá, 1988, Herpetol. Monogr., 2: 1–26. See accounts by Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 125–126; Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 95–96, and Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 128–129. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Rana juliani) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 633. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 291–295, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Lithobates in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species. Coelho, Camurugi, and Garda, 2023, Organisms Divers. Evol., 23: 967–981, reported on niche divergence, phylogenetics, and biogeography as part of the Lithobates palmipes group (as the Rana palmipes group). 

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