Lithobates lemosespinali (Smith and Chiszar, 2003)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates lemosespinali

Rana lemosespinali Smith and Chiszar, 2003, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 39: 62. Holotype: LE-UBIPRO 8236, by original designation. Type locality: "between Creel and San Rafael, municipio Urique (27° 31′ 18.2″ N, 107° 50′ 50.5″ W), 2313 m", Chihuahua, Mexico.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Pantherana, Stertirana, Lacusirana) lemosespinaliHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 312. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317-330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331-338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390-402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates lemosespinaliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) lemosespinaliDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 829. Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Lacusirana) lemosespinaliHillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335-336, by implication.

Rana (Pantherana) lemosespinali — Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

English Names

Lemos-Espinal's Leopard Frog (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 16).


Southwestern Chihuahua, Mexico, west of the continental divide.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


A member of the Rana chiricahuensis group according to the original publication. Lemos-Espinal, 2007, Anf. Rept. Chihuahua Mexico: 59-60, provided an account for Chihuahua, Mexico. Enderson, Van Devender, and Bezy, 2014, Check List, 10: 921, considered this a synonym of Lithobates chiricahuensis because they questioned whether they could be accurately diagnosed. 

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