Lithobates montezumae (Baird, 1854)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates montezumae

Rana montezumae Baird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 61. Syntypes: Not stated; USNM 3344 (the number which originally included all types in a single lot), 39383-96, and MCZ 2600 (formerly USNM 39397), according to Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 198; and Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 75; USNM 3344 designated lectotype by Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 197. Type locality: "City of Mexico", Distrito Federal, Mexico.

Rana montezumae montezumaeBaird, 1854, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 7: 61, by implication.

Rana adrita Troschel In Müller, 1865, in Reisen Ver. Staaten Canada und Mexiko., 3: 616. Types: Not designated or known to exist. Type locality: "Mexiko". Restricted to "México (City)", Distrito Federal, Mexico, by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 329. Considered a nomen dubium by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 7. Synonymy by Günther, 1900, Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept. Batr., Vol. 7, Part 153: 199; Boulenger, 1920, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 55: 431.

Rana montezumae concolor Cope, 1887, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 32: 20. Syntypes: Not stated; USNM 10247 (4 specimens) by museum records; USNM 81101 (formerly 10247) designated lectotype by Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1600: 198. Type locality: "Guanajuato", Guanajuato, Mexico. Status as subspecies rejected by Boulenger, 1920, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 55: 431.

Rana (Rana) montezumaeDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication.

Rana (Pantherana) montezumaeDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Pantherana, Stertirana, Lacusirana) montezumaeHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317-330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331-338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390-402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates montezumaeFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) montezumaeDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 829. Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Lacusirana) montezumaeHillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335-336, by implication.

English Names

Montezuma's Frog (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 25).

Montezuma Leopard Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 27; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 16).


San Luis Potosí, Queretaro, Zacatecas, Jalisco, and eastern Durango south to the southeastern edge of the Mexican Plateau in Tlaxcala, Puebla, Hidalgo, Distrito Federal, and Veracruz, Mexico.


In the Rana montezumae subgroup of the Rana pipiens complex as defined by Hillis, Frost, and Wright, 1983, Syst. Zool., 32: 132–143. In the equivalent Rana (Pantherana) montezumae group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332. McCranie and Wilson, 2001, Cour. Forschungsinst. Senckenb., 230: 14–15, discussed confusion between Rana chiricahuensis and Rana montezumae. Uribe-Peña, Ramírez-Bautista, and Casas-Andreu, 1999, Cuad. Inst. Biol., UNAM, 32: 34–36, provided an account. Duifhuis-Rivera and García-Vázquez, 2010, Herpetol. Rev., 41: 507–508, provided the record for Tlaxala and commented on the range. Korky and Webb, 1992, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 28: 53–64, described the larval morphology. Lemos-Espinal and Dixon, 2013, Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí: 71, provided an account for San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2015, Check List, 11(1642): 1–11, noted the occurrence of the species in Hidalgo, Mexico, without providing a specific locality. Lemos-Espinal, Smith, and Valdes-Lares, 2019, Amph. Rept. Durango: 79–80, provided a brief account for Durango, Mexico. Lemos-Espinal and Dixon, 2016, Amph. Rept. Hidalgo: 393–394, provided a brief account and map for Hidalgo, Mexico. Ochoa-Vásquez, Rosas-Valdez, Martínez-Salazar, and Flores-Villela, 2019, MtDNA, Part A, 30: 739–748, reported on DNA phylogeography in Zacatecas, Mexico. Ahumada-Carrillo, Grünwald, López Cuellar, and Jones, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 277–278, reported the species from the municipalities of Mezquitic and Huejuquilla El Alto, northern Jalisco, Mexico. 

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