Lithobates tarahumarae (Boulenger, 1917)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates tarahumarae

Rana tarahumarae Boulenger, 1917, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 20: 416. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.1.63–64 (formerly 1914.1.28.148–149) and 1947.2.28.76–79 (formerly 1911.12.12.36–39) according to Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 214, and museum records. Type locality: "Ioquiro [=? Yoquivo] and Barranca del Cobre, Sierra Tarahumaré, [Chihuahua,] N.W. Mexico"; restricted to "Yoquivo, Chihuahua", Mexico, by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 327. Type locality modified to "Sierra Tarahumare, Sonora", Mexico, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 81.

Rana (Rana) tarahumaraeDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41–42, by implication.

Rana (Zweifelia) tarahumaraeDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330–331; Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335–336, by implication; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Torrentirana, Zweifelia) tarahumaraeHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates tarahumaraeFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) tarahumaraeDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 830; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Lithobates) tarahumarae — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 431. 

English Names

Mexican Frog (Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: xi; Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 382).

Tarahumare Frog (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 81).

Tarahumara Frog (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 177; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 75; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 28; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 109; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 13; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 16; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 16; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 234; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 9; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 17; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 16).


Formerly in extreme southern Arizona (USA, although now extinct there), south through the Sierra Madre Occidental of eastern Sonora, western Chihuahua, and eastern Sinaloa, likely in adjacent western Durango and northern Jalisco, Mexico; southwestern Aguascalientes.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico, United States of America, United States of America - Arizona


Reviewed by Zweifel, 1968, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 66: 1–2. The southern populations referred to Rana tarahumarae may be a distinct species according to Hillis, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 517. See also Webb and Korky, 1977, Herpetologica, 33: 73–82. In the Rana tarahumarae group of Hillis, Frost, and Webb, 1984, Copeia, 1984: 398–403, Rana pustulosa group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, or subgenus Zweifelia, of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330–331. McCranie and Wilson, 2001, Cour. Forschungsinst. Senckenb., 230: 15, discussed the record for Aguascalientes. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 234, provided a brief account, figure, and map (and who commented on the disappearance of this species from areas of its former distribution). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Rana tarahumarae) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 513. Rorabaugh and Hale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 593–595, provided a detailed account that summarized the literature of biology, range, and conservation. Lemos-Espinal, 2007, Anf. Rept. Chihuahua Mexico: 61–62, provided an account for Chihuahua, Mexico. Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 2 : 669–637, provided an account that summarized relevant literature for the essentially extirpated USA population. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 234–235, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 238–239, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.  

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