Lithobates zweifeli (Hillis, Frost, and Webb, 1984)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates zweifeli

Rana zweifeli Hillis, Frost, and Webb, 1984, Copeia, 1984: 399. Holotype: KU 192466, by original designation. Type locality: "12 km E (by road) of Teloloapan, Guerrero, Mexico".

Rana (Rana) zweifeliDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, by implication.

Rana (Zweifelia) zweifeliDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331; Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335–336, by implication; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Torrentirana, Zweifelia) zweifeliHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates zweifeliFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) zweifeliDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 830; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

English Names

Zweifel's Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 28; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 110; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 17).


Confined primarily to the Balsas Depression of southern Mexico in the states of Morelos, Guerrero, Michoacán, Morelos, Puebla, and México, but extends eastward into Oaxaca and northwestern into Jalisco and Colima.


In the Rana tarahumarae group of Hillis, Frost, and Webb, 1984, Copeia, 1984: 398–403, Rana pustulosa group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, and equivalent subgenus Zweifelia of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331. This species had been mistakenly referred to as Rana pustulosa in most literature. See comment under Rana pustulosa. See account by Webb, 2001, Mesoam. Herpetol.: 31–35 (who noted very confusing variation in this species as related to Rana psilonota and Rana pustulosa). Chávez-Juárez, Alcaraz-Cruz, and Valenzuela Galván, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 185, provided the Morelos, Mexico, record.

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