Rana pseudodalmatina Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1971

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana pseudodalmatina

Rana macrocnemis pseudodalmatina Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1971, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 75: 384. Holotype: NHMW 19790. 4, by original designation. Type locality: "Weyser (SW Chalus = Tschalus), 1150 m ü. d. M., Prov. Mazanderan", Iran.

Rana pseudodalmatinaVeith, Kosuch, and Vences, 2003, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 26: 325.

Rana (Rana) pseudodalmatina — Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

English Names

Hircanian Wood Frog (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 266). 

Hyrcanian Frog (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 97). 

Distribution

Southwestern and southern margin of the Caspian Sea in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran (Mazandaran, Gilan, Golestan and Ardabil provinces), east to the District of Balkan, Turkmenistan, and north into southern Republic of Azerbaijan in the districts of Astara, Lenkoran, Lerik, Masally, Yardymly, and Jalilabad. 

Comment

Veith, Kosuch, and Vences, 2003, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 26: 310-327, and Veith, Schmidtler, Kosuch, Baran, and Seitz, 2003, Mol. Ecol., 12: 185-199, provided evidence that Rana pseudodalmatina is distinct from Rana macrocnemis. Anderson, 1978, Herpetol. Rev., 9: 22, provided a record for Mazanderan Province in northern Iran and noted the more westerly records in Iran. Kami and Vakilpoure, 1996, Herpetol. Rev., 27: 150, provided a record for Ardabil Province, Iran, and commented on the range. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. Picariello, Safaei-Mahroo, and Chinali, 2018, Salamandra, 54: 269–277, provided satellite DNA evidence in support of the species status of this taxon. Najibzadeh, Gharzi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Rastegar-Pouyani, and Pesarakloo, 2018, Russ. J. Genet., 54: 1221–1228, reported on mtDNA geographic variation. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 97, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Kidov and Litvinchuk, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28: 97–107, discussed range, habitat, and conservation status in the Republic of Azerbaijan.   

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