Chirixalus nongkhorensis (Cochran, 1927)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Chirixalus > Species: Chirixalus nongkhorensis

Philautus nongkhorensis Cochran, 1927, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 40: 179. Holotype: USNM 70108, by original designation. Type locality: "Nong Khor, southeastern Siam".

Rhacophorus (Chirixalus) striatus Ahl, 1930, Zool. Anz., 87: 229. Holotype: ZMB 11578, by original designation. Type locality: "Carin-Berge, Burma, 900-1000 m hoch". Synonymy by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 473.

Rhacophorus (Chirixalus) nongkhorensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 56, 107.

Philautus nongkhorensisPope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 583.

Chirixalus nongkhorensisBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 473; Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 538; Chen, Prendini, Wu, Zhang, Suwannapoom, Chen, Jin, Lemmon, Lemmon, Stuart, Raxworthy, Murphy, Yuan, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 145 (106724): 5. 

Chiromantis nongkhorensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

English Names

Nongkhor Asian Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Nongkhor Pigmy Tree Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 156).

Nong Khor Bushfrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 146; Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 40).

Nongkhor Bush Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 392).

Nongkhor Foam-nest Treefrog (Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 226).


Assam, northeastern India; Karen Hills of Myanmar (Kachin, Kayah, Mandalay, Rakhine, Sagaing, and Shan); northwestern and southeastern Thailand, Laos, southern Cambodia, and seemingly isolated populations in southern, central, and northwestern Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; likely to occur in southwestern Yunnan, China.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Likely/Controversially Present: China, People's Republic of


See accounts by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 473–474, and (as Philautus nongkhorensis) by Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 531–534. Heyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 83–91, described the tadpole from Thailand, comparing it with that of Chirixalus vittatusHeyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on the call from Thailand.  See Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 23, for Vietnam record. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 91, commented on the range. Leong and Lim, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 380, provided the peninsular Malaysia record. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 156, provided a brief characterization (as Philautus nongkhorensis) and photograph, which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, attributed to Philautus sp. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 146–147, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Teynié, David, Ohler, and Luanglath, 2004, Hamadryad, 29: 35, provided a record and comments for Laos. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 33, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 142, provided a record for eastern Cambodia. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 478, provided specific records for Laos. Stuart and Emmett, 2006, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 109: 10–11, and Grismer, Neang, Thou, Wood, Oaks, Holden, Grismer, Szutz, and Youmans, 2008, Raffles Bull. Zool., 56: 161–175, provided records for the Cardamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 103, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Sengupta, Hussain, Gogoi, Choudhury, Kalita, and Baruah, 2010, Hamadryad, 35: 29, provided a record for Assam, India. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 80–81, provided a photograph and brief account for eastern Thailand, and (p.138), detailed the range in Thailand. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 392–393, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 111–113. Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 218–249,  discussed the range and provided records from Khammouan, Savannakhet, and Xaignabouli Provinces, Laos. Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 156, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 54, for undisclosed reasons, excluded India from the range. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 40, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar, as well as noting the difficulty of distinguishing morphologically Chirixalus nongkhorensis and Chirixalus doriae.   

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