Kurixalus naso (Annandale, 1912)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Kurixalus > Species: Kurixalus naso

Rhacophorus naso Annandale, 1912, Rec. Indian Mus., 8: 12. Holotype: ZSIC 16929, according to Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 676. Type locality: "Egar stream between Renging and Rotung", Arunachal Pradesh, India (in area claimed by China).

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) nasoAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 139.

Polypedates nasoFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 184; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 326.

Aquixalus (Aquixalus) nasoDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2005, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 74: 166.

Kurixalus nasoLi, Che, Bain, Zhao, and Zhang, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 310, by implication.

Aquixalus nasoFei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 671.

English Names

Uphill Tree Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63).

Long-snouted Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 272; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 92; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 93).

Annandale's High Altitude Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 178; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63).

Proboscis Frilled-limbed Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 41).


Montane forests of northeastern India (known currently from Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram), adjacent eastern Xizang (China) and Samdrup District, Bhutan, and related but unnamed species in northern Myanmar (Kachin) and likely in adjacent Yunnan, China (see comment).


Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 272-273, provided a brief account (as Rhacophorus naso), map, and figure. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 178, provided a brief account for India. Synonymy with Rhacophorus appendiculatus verrucosus by Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 162, and Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 75. This synonymy accepted only provisionally by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 374. This synonymy rejected, without comment, by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 158, Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 567; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 326. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 676-678, provided an account for China (as Aquixalus naso) and spot map. Mathew and Sen, 2008, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 108: 41-42, provided a record for Lunglei District, Arunachal Pradesh, India, and provided a photograph (as Rhacophorus naso). Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. Mathew and Sen, 2009, Cobra, Chennai, 2: 14-16, provided a record (as Philautus namdaphaensis) for the East Garo Hills District of Arunachal Pradesh, India, and commented on the range. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 93-94, provided a brief characterization and a photograph. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 433, provided a brief account for China (as Aquixalus naso). Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63-64, provided an account (as Rhacophorus naso) for Xizang, China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 500, provided an account (as Aquixalus naso), photographs, and a range map for China. Yu, Rao, Matsui, and Yang, 2017, Sci. Rep. (Nature, London), 7 (16124): 1–13, noted that records of Kurixalus verrucosus from Xizang, China, are referable to Kurixalus naso, and also noted two unnamed species in the Kachin, Myanmar, region. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 335–339, provided a detailed account for Tibet, China. Wangyal, Bower, Sherub, Tshewang, Wangdi, Rinchen, Puntsho, Tashi, Koirala, Bhandari, Phuntsho, Koirala, Ghalley, Chaida, Tenzin, Powrel, Tshewang, Raika, Jamtsho, Kinley, Gyeltshen, Tashi, Nidup, Wangdi, Phuentsho, Norbu, Wangdi, Wangchuk, Tobgay, Dorji, and Das, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 793, identified a photograph as of this species from Bhutan. Lalronunga, Vanramliana, Lalramliana, and Lalhmingliani, 2021, Zootaxa, 4974: 385, suggested that Kurixalus yangi may be a synonym of Kurixalus naso. Shangpliang, Shadap, Hooroo, Nongkynrih, Kharkongor, Rangad, and Tron, 2021, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 40: 137–150, described the larval development. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 41, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar.    

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