Leptomantis cyanopunctatus (Manthey and Steiof, 1998)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Leptomantis > Species: Leptomantis cyanopunctatus

Rhacophorus cyanopunctatus Manthey and Steiof, 1998, Sauria, Berlin, 20: 37. Holotype: ZMB 57895, by original designation. Type locality: "südlichen Rand des Khao Sok National Parks (ca. 200 m ü NN), Provinz Surat Thani, Distrikt Phanom, Thailand".

Leptomantis cyanopunctatus — Iskandar and Colijn, 2000, Treubia, 31: 95; Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

English Names

Blue-spotted Bushfrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 156; Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 41).

Blue-spotted Tree Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 408).


Peninsular Myanmar (Tanintharyi), peninsular Thailand, and West Malaysia, Singapore, northern Sumatra, and Sabah, Malaysian Borneo; possibly in Kalimantan, Indonesia; expected in Brunei. Bunguran I., Natuna Is., Indonesia. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia, Malaysia, Malaysia, East (Sarawak and/or Sabah), Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand

Likely/Controversially Present: Brunei


Formerly confused with Rhacophorus bimaculatus. See comment under Rhacophorus cyanopunctatus. See accounts (under Rhacophorus bimaculatus or Philautus bimaculatus) by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 344; and Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 92–93. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 207–209, provided an account. Heyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on a call from Thailand reported as Rhacophorus bimaculatus and provisionally inserted here. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 156–157, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Grismer, Chan, Grismer, Wood, and Ahmad, 2010, Russ. J. Herpetol., 17: 147–160, reported localities from the Banjaran Bintang Mountains, northwestern peninsular Malaysia. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 140, detailed the range in Thailand. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 96, provided a record Tanintharyi Division, peninsular Myanmar, but this was not subsequently mentioned by Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 1–202, so presumably the earlier record, not genetically confirmed, was reassigned to another taxon. Chan, Grismer, and Brown, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 127: 1010–1019, suggested, that the populations of this species in Berlumut, peninsular Malaysia were a different species from the populations in peninsular Thailand to the north. Haas, Kueh, Joseph, bin Asri, Das, Hagmann, Schwander, and Hertwig, 2018, Evol. Syst., 2: 89–114, provided a brief account of morphology and natural history for the Sabah population. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 408–409, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 41, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Haas, Das, Hertwig, Bublies, and Schulz-Schaeffer, 2022, Guide to the Tadpoles of Borneo: 233–235, summarized the knowledge of habitat, reproduction, larval morphology and coloration. Herlambang, Riyanto, Munir, Hamidy, Kimura, Eto, and Mumpuni, 2022, Treubia, 49: 78, reported the species from Bunguran I., Natuna Is., Indonesia.

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