Philautus garo (Boulenger, 1919)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Philautus > Species: Philautus garo

Ixalus garo Boulenger, 1919, Rec. Indian Mus., 16: 207. Holotype: ZSIC 19187 according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 41. Type locality: "Garo Hills, Assam . . . . above Tura", Meghalaya, India.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) garoAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 70.

Philautus garoBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 450-451; Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 528.

Philautus (Philautus) garoBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 41.

English Names

Garo Hills Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Garo Hills Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 99; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 96).

Garo Hills Shrub Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 12).


Garo Hills in Assam (Kamrump District) and Meghalaya, and Dzulake in Nagaland, India, 90-500 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


See Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 276-282, discussed range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 156, provided a brief account. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 79, provided access to literature and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 523. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 96, provided a brief characterization and a photograph and implied that the Assam and Nagaland records require confirmation. Garg, Suyesh, Das, Bee, and Biju, 2021, PeerJ, 9 (e10791): 2, doubted that either this species is actually a member of Philautus or possibly a synonym of some non-Philautus species; it is uncear which from their statement. 

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