Philautus vermiculatus (Boulenger, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Philautus > Species: Philautus vermiculatus

Ixalus vermiculatus Boulenger, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 6: 187. Syntypes: (3 specimens) BMNH (1947.2.19.94, originally 1933.4.8.6, by museum records) and Selangor Mus., Kuala Lumpur. BMNH 1947.2.27.43 considered holotype (implied fixation as lectotype) by Dring, 1987, Amphibia-Reptilia, 8: 47, and formally designated lectotype by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 37, and described by them on page 81. Type locality: "Larut Hills at 4000 feet", Perak, Malaya (Malaysia).

Ixalus brevipes Boulenger, 1908, J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 3: 63. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.6.22 (formerly 1906.2.28.51) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 39. Type locality: "Gunong Tahan, [Pahang,] at 3000 ft. [elevation]", Malaya, Malaysia. Synonymy by Smith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 116; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 458.

Philautus brevipesSmith, 1922, J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 10: 279.

Philautus vermiculatusSmith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 115; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 458.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) brevipesAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 54, 80.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) vermiculatusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 95.

Philautus (Philautus) vermiculatusBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 37.

English Names

Perak Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Vermiculate Bushfrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 150).

Vermiculated Bush Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 416).

Vermiculated Shrub Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 58). 


Extreme southern peninsular Thailand (Narathiwat Province) and West Malaysia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Thailand


Discussed by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 458–459. See accounts in Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 95–96, and Dring, 1979, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 34: 208–210 (who placed it in a different group of species from Philautus aurifasciatus). Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 86, regarded this taxon as likely conspecific with Philautus aurifasciatus. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 122–123, to compare this species to other rhacophorids of the Sunda Shelf region. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 150–151, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 14 reported specimens from Mount Tebu, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 416–417, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 58, suggested that records from Thailand of Philautus aurifasciatus appear to be based on misidentifications of this species. See that record for relevant literature. 

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