Pseudophilautus leucorhinus (Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Pseudophilautus > Species: Pseudophilautus leucorhinus

Ixalus leucorhinus Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 36. Holotype: ZMB 3057 according to Bauer, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 142. Type locality: "Ceylon" [= Sri Lanka].

Philautus leucorhinusRoux, 1928, Rev. Suisse Zool., 38: 463.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) leucorhinusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 91.

Philautus (Philautus) leucorhinusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 72.

Pseudophilautus leucorhinusLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional change by implication.

English Names

Whitenose Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

White-nosed Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 149).

Pointed-nosed Bush Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 161).

Marten's Bush Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 149).


Known only from the indefinite type locality ("Ceylon").


See account by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 148-151. Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 17, noted that this species and Philautus wynaadensis (from southwestern India) might be conspecific. Kuramoto and Joshy, 2001, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 20: 85–95, reported on the advertisement call. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 161-162, provided a brief account for a population in Kerala, India, he regarded as conspecific with Philautus leucorhinus in Sri Lanka. See account by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 174-176, who suggested that the taxon is known only from the holotype, now extinct, and that several other species previously placed in synonym are not conspecific. Specimens previously assigned to this species from the Western Ghats of India are now referred to Philautus wynaadensis (cf. Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 15)—Biju in Global Amphibian Assessment. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 149-153, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 140, who regarded the species as extinct. Regarded as extinct by Batuwita, Udugampala, De Silva, Diao, and Edirisinghe, 2019, J. Anim. Diversity, 1: 48, and Jayawardena, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Ukuwela, Manamendra-Arachchi, and Meegaskumbura, 2017, Ceylon J. Sci., 46 (Special issue): 48. 

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