Pseudophilautus wynaadensis (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Pseudophilautus > Species: Pseudophilautus wynaadensis

Phyllomedusa ? wynaadensis Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 533. Holotype: Probably originally ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67, and considered lost by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6:15, who designated as neotype MNHNP 1999.5596 and described it on page 66-67. Type locality: Wynaad, Southern India by implication. Neotype from "Ganapathivattan (Sultan's Battery; 11° 40′ N, 76° 17′ E), Wynaad, Kerala, India".

Ixalus wynaadensisJerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 85.

Philautus (Philautus) wynaadensisBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 15.

Kirtixalus wynaadensisYu, Rao, Zhang, and Yang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 578.

Pseudophilautus wynaadensisBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120.

English Names

Tinkling Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 169 [as Philautus variabilis, see comment]).

Malabar Coast Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113 [as Philautus temporalis, see comment).

Dark-eared Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67 [as Philautus temporalis, see comment]; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 111).

Plain-colored Bush Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 156 [as Philautus temporalis, see comment).

Wynaad Brown Eared Shrub Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 13).


Western Ghats of Kerala and extreme western Tamil Nadu, especially north of the Palghat Gap, with its southern limit reaching up to Periyar, south of the Palghat Gap, 900–1200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


Regarded as a possible senior synonym of Ixalus variabilis by Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 573; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 102; Thurston, 1888, Cat. Batr. Sal. Apoda S. India: 37 (see discussion); Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 487. Name applied by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 16, to the South Indian populations previously referred to Philautus variabilis. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 169–170, provided a brief account (as Philautus variabilis). Accounts (as Philautus temporalis) by Inger, Shaffer, Koshy, and Bakde, 1985 "1984", J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 81: 555, likely apply to this species. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 156–158, provided accounts (as Philautus temporalis and Philautus variabilis). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 536. Biju and Bossuyt, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 374–444 [439–440], provided an account, distribution map, and discussed relationships. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 122. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 160–161, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Gopalan, Kumar, Kumar, and Sanil, 2016, MtDNA, Part A, 27: 3846–3851, reported on mtDNA diversity south of the Palghat Gap in the Western Ghats of southern India. Ganesh and Arumugam, 2016, Russ. J. Herpetol., 23: 10, noted that records of nominal Philautus variabilis from the Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu, India, may refer to this species. 

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